Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Harry S. Truman and World War II

    So that there can be no possible misunderstanding, both Germany and Japan can be certain, beyond any shadow of a doubt, that America will continue the fight for freedom until no vestige of resistance remains!

-- Harry S. Truman in his April 16, 1945, address before Congress
following the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Truman and Byrnes in Antwerp
President Truman arrives in Antwerp, Belgium aboard the cruiser Augusta, on his way to the Big Three meetings at Postdam. He is followed by secretary of state James Byrnes.
   When Harry S. Truman assumed the Presidency on April 12, 1945, victory in World War II was close, but not at hand. Key events over the next five months included the surrender of Germany, the Potsdam Conference of the Big Three Allies, the decision to drop the Atomic Bomb, and the surrender of Japan and conclusion of the war. To coincide with the exhibits World War II in Posters and George C. Marshall: Soldier of Peace and programs such as Patriots of War, the Library drew on its rich collection of archival materials to assemble this collection of World War II-era sound recordings, documents, photographs and eyewitness accounts.
B-29 Plane dropping bombs
B29 bombers in flight. This Boeing aircraft was the culmination of U.S. bomber design and served solely in the Pacific theater. The Enola Gay, a B29, was used to deliver an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
The American Document Room
The American document room at Nuremberg.
   The Truman Library and the National Archives also create educational materials for use by teachers and students. Examples of those available for World War II include:

Audio speeches online: (You will need Real Player to hear these speeches.)