Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986; Cadogan, Alexander; Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945; Bohlen, Charles E. (Charles Eustis), 1904-1973; Leahy, William D. (William Daniel), 1875-1959; Gromyko, Andrei Andreevich, 1909-; Vyshinsky
International relations; Piano; Dinners and dining; Potsdam Conference, 1945

Typed and Handwritten Memoir Draft of Former President Harry S. Truman, ca. 1954. President's Secretary's Files - Longhand Notes.


On the evening following the third afternoon session, I entertained at a state dinner held in the Little White House. Guests at the dinner were Churchill, Stalin, Byrnes, Atlee, Molotov, Leahy, Vyshinski, Cadogan, Harriman, Gromyko, Lord Cherwell, Pauley, Davies, Sobolev, Bohlen, Pavlov, and Major Birse.

The menu consisted of pate de foie gras, caviar on toast, vodka, cream of tomato soup, celery, olives, perch saut? meuniere, chilled potatoes, peas, carrots, Bordeaux wine, lettuce and tomato salad, French dressing, Roca cheese, vanilla ice cream, chocolate sauce, champagne, demi-tasse, cigars, cigarettes, port wine and cognac. The celery, lettuce, tomatoes, and ice cream were flown in to Babelsberg from the Augusta at Antwerp.

Music was by a special concert orchestra. The pianist, Sergeant Eugene List, played the great A flat Chopin Waltz Opus 42 and several Chopin Nocturne. Stalin was a Chopin fan. Churchill didn't care much for that kind of music. Stalin was so delighted by the Chopin Waltz & Nocturne that he arose from the dinner table, walked over to Sergeant List, shook his hand, drank a toast to him, and asked him to play more. The Prime Minister also complimented Sergeant List. I had a hand in the musical program too, when I was asked to play Paderewski's Minuet in G on the piano. I had been told that Stalin was fond of Chopin music and when I saw Sgt. List I told him to brush up on his Chopin. He sent for the A flat Waltz and worked on it for a week. The piano was no good but List did a good job anyway.

These informal gatherings helped to promote a friendly atmosphere among the representatives of the three governments who were in Berlin to settle problems which demanded the utmost cooperation if they were to be solved at all.

At one-thirty in the afternoon on the following day, July 20, I drove to the United States Group Control Council headquarters in Berlin to participate in the official raising of the Stars and Stripes over Berlin. The ceremonies were held in the courtyard of the buildings which had formerly been the home of the Berlin Air Defense Command of the Germans. Honors were accorded by an Army band and an honor guard from Company E of the 41st infantry. In the party with the President were Secretary Stimson, Assistant Secretary McCloy, and Generals Eisenhower, Bradley, Patton, and Clay.

could look forward to the greatest age in the history of mankind. That is what we propose to do."

I left the scene of the flag-raising immediately after the ceremony and proceeded to Celienhof Palace where I called the fourth meeting of the Berlin Conference to order at 4:05 p.m.

I now have the flag raised over Berlin and Rome. It will go in the Library.

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