Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Churchill, Winston, Sir, 1874-1965; Tito, Josip Broz, 1892-1980; Davies, Joseph Edward, 1876-1958; Martin, Joseph W. (Joseph William), 1884-1968.; Hopkins, Harry L. (Harry Lloyd), 1890-1946; Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953; Pendergast, Tom, 1870-1945.; Taft, Ro
United States-Soviet relations; International relations; International agencies; Cabinet officers

Longhand Note of President Harry S. Truman, May 23, 1945. President's Secretary's Files - Longhand Notes.

May 23, 1945

Davies came to see me tonight before he goes to England to see Churchill. He'd told me on his previous visit that he had no ambitions, only wanted to be of service-and I believed him, with reservations, of course.

Found out today that he'd been pestering the Dept of State (particularly the striped pants boys-for whom I have no admiration what ever) to see that Hopkins received no bigger headlines than he did. I'll say this for Hopkins, after our one interview on the Russian mission I heard no more from him. I told him what I had in mind and asked him to go to Russia if his physical condition would allow it. He said he'd go, said he understood my position and that he'd make it clear to Uncle Joe Stalin that I knew what I wanted-and that I intended to get it-peace for the world for at least 90 years. That Poland, Rumania, Bulgaria, Czyekosvakia [sic], Austria, Yugo-Slavia [sic], Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia et al made no difference to U.S. interests only so far as World Peace is concerned. That Poland ought to have a "free election," at least as free as Hague, Tom Pendergast, Joe Martin or Taft would allow in their respective bailiwicks. That Tito should be restrained at Trieste and Pala and Uncle Joe should make some sort of gesture-whether he means it or not to keep it before our public that he intends to keep his word. Any smart political foes will do that-

Well Davies finally wanted me to give him a personal long hand letter to the Prime Minister, expressing my confidence and trust in Davies. I gave it to him.

Stettinius came to see me from San Francisco and asked me to make certain decisions on controversial matters now pending at the Conference. I made 'em in red pencil and gave him the copy I had marked in red pencil. Told him I'd come out to San Francisco and close the conference. He sent me photo stat copies of my own red penciled markings on his copy of the suggestions.

Evidently the State Dept. believes nobody-not even their boss, the President of the United States. Ain't it hell!

I've no faith in any Totalitarian State be it Russian, German, Spanish, Argentinean, Dago, or Japanese. They all start with a wrong premise that lies are justified and that the old disproven Jesuit formula-the end justifies the means is right and necessary to maintain the power of government.

I don't agree, nor do I believe that either formula can help humanity to the long hoped for millenium-

Honest Communism as set out in the "Acts of the Apostle," would work but Russian Godless Present Systems won't work.

Anyway the Russian animal can't be trusted for anything good except en masse. The combined thought and action of the whole people of any race, creed or nationality will always point in the Right Direction-"As ye would others should do unto you do ye also unto them." Confucius, Buddha, Christ and all moralists come to the same conclusion.

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