Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

The Oil Crisis in Iran, 1951-1953

Documents

1949

November

Interview between the President and the Shah of Iran. Also present were Ambassador Ala and Secretary of State Acheson
       November 18, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

1950

September

Central Intelligence Agency Intelligence Memorandum Number 332, "Current Iranian Problem"
       September 20, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

1951

Draft of Letter from Prseident Harry S. Truman to Prime Minister Clement Attlee
       ca. 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

March

"A Report to the National Security Council by the Executive Secretary on The Position of the United States with Respect to Iran," National Security Council Report 107
       March 14, 1951    View (16 pages)    |    (PDF)

May

Department of State Press Release, United States Position on Iranian Oil Situation
       May 18, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

President Harry S. Truman to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, with Attached Correspondence from Cornelia Bryce Pinchot
       May 29, 1951    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from President Harry S. Truman to Prime Minister Clement Atlee
       May 31, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

June

State Department Brochure, “Background: Iran: Point of World Interest"
       ca. June, 1951    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, with Related Material
       June 1, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Harry S. Truman, with Attachment
       June 7, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Harry S. Truman, with Attachment
       June 13, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Department of State Press Release, Statement by Dean Acheson
       June 27, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       June 28, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

July

Memorandum from George McGhee to President Harry S. Truman, with Attachments
       July 7, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Great Britain, H. Freeman Matthews, and George C. McGhee
       July 7, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Cornelia Bryce Pinchot to Matthew Connelly
       July 8, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Text of Letter from Mohammed Mossadegh to Harry S. Truman
       July 11, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Great Britain, H. Freeman Matthews, John D. Hickerson, and George C. McGhee
       July 11, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       July 12, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation with Secretary of the Interior Oscar Chapman
       July 12, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Great Britain, H. Freeman Matthews, W. Averell Harriman, and George C. McGhee
       July 12, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

President Harry S. Truman to Averell Harriman, with Related Material
       July 13, 1951    View (18 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       July 17, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 12:55 p.m.
       July 19, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 3:11 p.m.
       July 19, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence Between Henry Grady and Willard Kiplinger
       July 20, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence Between President Harry S. Truman and Congressman Emanuel Celler
       July 23, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with the President
       July 23, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 11:06 a.m.
       July 24, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 1:00 p.m.
       July 24, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 2;20 p.m.
       July 24, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to the American Embassy in London, England
       July 24, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 2:06 p.m.
       July 24, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 2:56 p.m.
       July 24, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       July 25, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       July 26, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Averell Harriman and Henry Grady
       July 26, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 5:15 a.m.
       July 27, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 2:49 a.m.
       July 27, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Dean Acheson, 12:55 p.m.
       July 27, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to the American Embassy in London
       July 27, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 7:38 a.m.
       July 27, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 11:55 a.m.
       July 28, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 7:50 p.m.
       July 28, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 1:31 a.m.
       July 28, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 7:09 a.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 10:52 p.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 4:33 a.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 11:31 a.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 5:13 p.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 12:48 a.m.
       July 29, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       July 30, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

August

Telegram from Averell Harriman to President Harry S. Truman
       ca. August, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 1, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 4:02 a.m.
       August 1, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Walter Gifford to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 1, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 2, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador of Great Britain Sir Oliver Franks and H. Freeman Matthews
       August 2, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from William Langer to Walter B. Smith
       August 3, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Averell Harriman
       August 3, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 3, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Letter from Henry Grady to Willard Kiplinger
       August 3, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Statement of President Harry S. Truman, with Attached Internal Memoranda
       August 6, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 8, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 12, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 8:05 a.m.
       August 13, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 6:07 a.m.
       August 13, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 14, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 16, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Secretary Joseph Short to Senator Edwin Johnson, with Related Material
       August 16, 1951    View (12 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Dean Acheson
       August 17, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 18, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 3:35 p.m.
       August 19, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 8:53 a.m.
       August 19, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 3:11 p.m.
       August 19, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 11:51 a.m.
       August 19, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from W.J. McWilliams to William Hopkins, with Attachment
       August 20, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from Burton Y. Berry to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 20, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 20, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 6:25 a.m.
       August 22, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 12:40 p.m.
       August 22, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 5:42 a.m.
       August 22, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 8:52 a.m.
       August 23, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release, Statement by President Harry S. Truman
       August 23, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 10:01 a.m.
       August 23, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter from Henry Grady to President Harry S. Truman
       August 24, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Henry Grady to Secretary of State Dean Acheson
       August 24, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Julius Holmes to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 1:07 p.m.
       August 28, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram from Julius Holmes to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, 11:36 p.m.
       August 28, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter from President Harry S. Truman to Henry Grady
       August 30, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

September

Memorandum from Wallace Carroll to Gordon Gray, with Attachment
       September 14, 1951    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter from Averell Harriman to Harry S. Truman
       September 19, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from William Korns to Gordon Gray
       September 21, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

October

Memorandum of Conversation with Assistant Secretary of State George C. McGhee and Representatives of United States Oil Companies
       October 10, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Report from the Central Intelligence Agency, "Analysis of Iranian Political Situation"
       October 12, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum, "Near East, Iran, U.S. Views"
       October 12, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

"A Report to the National Security Council by the Secretary of Defense on the Anglo-Iranian Problem," National Security Council Report 117
       October 18, 1951    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Harry S. Truman, with Attachments
       October 22, 1951    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with President Harry S. Truman, Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq of Iran and Lieutenant Colonel Walters
       October 23, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq of Iran, Assistant Secretary of State George C. McGhee, Paul Nitze and Lieutenant Colonel Walters
       October 24, 1951    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

November

Letter from Harry S. Truman to Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq, with Related Material
       November 14, 1951    View (21 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Murphy to James Webb
       November 14, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Under Secretary of State James Webb to President Harry S. Truman, with Attachment
       November 16, 1951    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

December

Letter from Mrs. Gustav Schwab to President Harry S. Truman, with a Reply from Joseph Short
       December 14, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter from Nasrollah Entezam to Henry Grady, with Attached and Related Correspondence
       December 18, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

1952

Memorandum for the President
       ca. 1952    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

January

Report, "Steering Group on Preparations for the Talks Between the President and Prime Minister Churchill: Iran"
       January 5, 1952    View (11 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation with Ambassador Averell Harriman
       January 14, 1952    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from John S. Earman to Rear Admiral Robert L. Dennison, with Attachments
       January 18, 1952    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter from Nasrollah Entezam to Henry Grady
       January 24, 1952    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

February

Letter from Nasrollah Entezam to Henry Grady
       February 5, 1952    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

July

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation with President Harry S. Truman
       July 31, 1952    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Great Britain, Paul Nitze, and Henry Byroade
       July 31, 1952    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

August

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation with Ambassador Sir Oliver Franks of Great Britain
       August 12, 1952    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Former Senator Millard Tydings
       August 20, 1952    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Minutes of Meeting with President Harry S. Truman, Secretary of Defense Robert Lovett, Averell Harriman, David Bruce, Henry Byroade and C. Vaughan Ferguson
       August 21, 1952    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

September

Memorandum from Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Harry S. Truman
       September 24, 1952    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Allahyer Saleh of Iran and President Harry S. Truman
       September 24, 1952    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

October

Telegram from Dean Acheson to Harry S. Truman, with Related Material
       October 1, 1952    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Ambassador Allah-Yar Seleh of Iran and John Stutesman, Jr.
       October 3, 1952    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum from Dean Acheson to Harry S. Truman, with Attachments
       October 9, 1952    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Secretary of State Dean Acheson to Loy Henderson and Walter Gifford, with Related Correspondence
       October 12, 1952    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Conversation with Camille Gutt and Paul Nitze
       October 16, 1952    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

November

Memorandum for Discussion, "Iran"
       ca. November, 1952    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

National Intelligence Estimate, NIE-75, “Probable Developments in Iran Through 1953”
       November 13, 1952    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum of Meeting with President Harry S. Truman, Secretary of the Treasury John Snyder, Secretary of Defense Robert Lovett, Averell Harriman, and President-Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, and Joseph M. Dodge
       November 18, 1952    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

December

Memorandum of Conversation with United States Ambassador to Iran Loy Henderson, Harold F. Linder, Henry Byroade, James C. Bonbright, Foy D. Kohler, and Mr. Richards
       December 10, 1952    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)