Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Desegregation of the Armed Forces


Oral Histories

Oral Histories

Bruce Clarke, U.S. Army officer, commander of racially integrated units. About 25 pages on desegregation of the armed forces.


Robert L. Dennison, Assistant Chief of Naval Operations, 1945-47; Commander of the U.S.S. Missouri, 1947-48; Naval Aide to President Harry S. Truman,1948-53.


William H. Hastie, Assistant Solicitor, Department of the Interior, 1933-37; Judge of the District Court of the Virgin Islands, 1937-39; Dean, Howard University School of Law, 1939-46; Civilian Aide to the Secretary of War, 1940-42; Governor of the Virgin Islands, 1946-49; Judge, 3rd United States Circuit Court of Appeals, 1949-71; and Senior status, 1971-76.


Randall Jessee, City friend and confidant of Harry S. Truman.


Marx Leva, Special Counsel to the General Counsel to the Secretary of Defense.


Philleo Nash, Special Assistant for Domestic Operations, Office of War Information, 1942-45, and special consultant to the Secretary of War, 1943. Special Assistant to President for minority problems, 1946-52, and an Administrative Assistant to the President, 1952-53. Later served as Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, 1959-61, and as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1961-66.


Isaac Stokes, Official at the Department of State, Department of Commerce, Economic Cooperation Administration, and Mutual Security Agency.


Harry H. Vaughan, Personal friend of Harry S. Truman since 1917; military associate in World War I and subsequently in the Field Artillery Officers Reserve Corps; treasurer for Senator Truman's 1940 reelection campaign committee; secretary to Senator Truman, 1941; a liaison officer for the Truman Committee, 1944; and Military Aide to Mr. Truman when he was Vice-President and President, 1945-53.