Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Desegregation of the Armed Forces

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Military Policy Prior to Executive Order #9981
Executive Order #9981
Support for the Desegregation of the Armed Forces
Opposition to the Desegregation of the Armed Forces
The Fahy Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces
Actions of the Military after the Executive Order

Military Policy Prior to Executive Order #9981

R.L. Vann to Ernest H. Wilkins
       March 4, 1938    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Statement by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
       ca. 1940    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

"The Negroes' Historical and Contemporary Role In National Defense"
       November 26, 1940    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Excerpts from "Survey and Recommendations Concerning the Integration of the Negro Soldier into the Army"
       September 22, 1941    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Adjutant General to John J. McCloy
       August 27, 1942    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

I.H.E. to Assistant Secretary of War
       February 17, 1943    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

I.H.E. to Chief of Staff
       March 12, 1943    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

J.B. Leonard to Assistant Secretary of War
       May 25, 1943    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Digest of War Department Policy Pertaining to Negro Military Personnel" by J.S. Leonard
       January 1, 1944    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

J.S. Leonard to Members of the Advisory Committee on Negro Troop Policies
       January 6, 1944    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Henry Stimson to Hamilton Fish
       February 19, 1944    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

William Dawson to John McCloy
       February 28, 1944    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo from John C. H. Lee
       December 26, 1944    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memo re: Negro troops in Italy
       ca. 1945    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo, "Negroes in the Armed Forces"
       ca. 1945    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Historical Background of the American Negro in Aviation"
       ca. 1945    View (22 pages)    |    (PDF)

John Sengstacke to Truman Gibson, Jr., with attached letter
       February 7, 1945    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Statement by Truman Gibson, Jr.
       April 9, 1945    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

"Opinions About Negro Infantry Platoons in White Companies of 7 Divisions"
       July 3, 1945    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Truman Gibson, Jr. to John J. McCloy
       August 8, 1945    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Joseph McNarney to Chief of Staff, War Department
       August 13, 1945    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Sommers to John J. McCloy
       August 28, 1945    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Draft of the Gillem Board Report
       ca. 1946    View (143 pages)    |    (PDF)

Marcus Ray to Philleo Nash
       January 16, 1946    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Remarks of Howard C. Petersen
       March 1, 1946    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Circular No. 124-- "Utilization of Negro Manpower in the Postwar Army Policy"
       April 27, 1946    View (12 pages)    |    (PDF)

Philleo Nash to David Niles, with attachments
       July 26, 1946    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Report on the Negro Soldier" by Robert F. Cocklin, Infantry Journal
       ca. December, 1946    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

John M. Bailey to David Niles, with attachments
       February 19, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Brien McMahon and Robert Patterson
       March 7, 1947    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

L.B. Weeks to all Adjutants General
       March 25, 1947    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Milton Stewart to Robert Carr
       April 1, 1947    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Milton Stewart to Robert Carr
       April 7, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Robert Carr to James Forrestal
       April 14, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Robert Carr to Robert Patterson
       April 14, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo for the President's Committee on Civil Rights
       April 21, 1947    View (10 pages)    |    (PDF)

Robert Patterson to the President's Committee on Civil Rights
       May 15, 1947    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Robert Carr to the President's Committee on Civil Rights
       June 10, 1947    View (16 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Robert Carr and E.H. Foley, Jr.
       July 16, 1947    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Draft of letter for Chester Bowles to James Forrestal
       ca. 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memo of conversation with Marx Leva
       January 29, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Press Release [misdated February 8, 1947]
       February 8, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between David Niles, Harry S. Truman, and A. Philip Randolph
       March 22, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Clark Clifford, with attachments
       March 22, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Harry S. Truman to David Niles, with attached memorandum
       March 22, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Clark Clifford, with attachments
       March 22, 1948    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Philleo Nash to Clark Clifford, with attached correspondence
       April 9, 1948    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

Philleo Nash to Clark Clifford
       April 9, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Draft of letter to James Forrestal
       April 9, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Marx Leva to George Elsey, with attachment
       April 13, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

George Elsey to Clark Clifford
       April 19, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

George Elsey to Clark Clifford
       April 19, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Luther Youngdahl
       May 4, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Howard Davis, Matthew Connelly, David Niles, and Harry S. Truman
       May 13, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Regular Army Negro Officer Personnel"
       June 22, 1948    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to Clark Clifford
       June 30, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

George Elsey to David Niles, with attached correspondence
       July 13, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Kenneth Royall and Clark Clifford
       July 19, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to John Blatnik, Edward Devitt, and Harold Hagen
       July 23, 1948    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Negro Personnel in the Air Force"
       ca. 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Non-Segregation and Integration at Lockbourne"
       ca. 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Memo to Charles Fahy
       June 14, 1949    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy
       August 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

R.B. Ellis to E.W. Kenworthy, with attachments
       August 17, 1949    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between David Niles and Chester Bowles
       November 23, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Executive Order #9981

Memo "Concerning the Interpretation of the President's Order...,"
       ca. 1948    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo re: President's Civil Rights Message on the Armed Forces
       May 11, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memos and press releases re: Executive Order 9981
       July 26, 1948    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces
       July 26, 1948    View (1 page)

Clark Clifford to Kenneth Royall, with attachment
       September 2, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Support for the Desegregation of the Armed Forces

Telegram, Bob McManus to William Hassett
       August 21, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

R.W. Berry to Matthew Connelly
       November 22, 1947    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

A. Philip Randolph to Harry S. Truman, with attached White House memos
       December 13, 1947    View (11 pages)    |    (PDF)

A. Philip Randolph to Harry S. Truman, with attached White House memos
       March 18, 1948    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Hubert Humphrey to James Forrestal
       April 26, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Mr. and Mrs. Irvin Dagen to Harry S. Truman
       June 15, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

A. Philip Randolph to Harry S. Truman, with attached White House memos
       July 7, 1948    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Leon Henderson to Harry S. Truman
       July 22, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Richard Givens and John R. Steelman
       July 27, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Esther Davis to Harry S. Truman, with reply by Matthew Connelly
       July 30, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram, Alvin Jones et. al to Harry S. Truman
       July 31, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

P. Clifton Reynolds to Harry S. Truman, with reply by David Niles
       August 10, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Adolf Berle, Jr. to Harry S. Truman, with reply by Clark Clifford
       August 18, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Leo Higgs to Harry S. Truman, with reply by Matthew Connelly
       September 3, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Matthew Connelly to Grant Reynolds, July 21, 1948, with attached memos
       September 8, 1948    View (24 pages)    |    (PDF)

Mr. and Mrs. H. Leon Bradlow to Harry S. Truman, with reply by William Hassett
       November 27, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Carter Pate to Harry S. Truman
       February 3, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

James Tait to Harry S. Truman
       March 23, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

William Hassett to Charles Fahy
       November 17, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Irving Ives and Harry S. Truman
       December 13, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Paul Douglas and Harry S. Truman
       December 13, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Ralph Flanders and Harry S. Truman
       December 17, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

"The Road to Democracy," copy of address by William E. Stevenson
       January 23, 1950    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Rose H. Hepp to Harry S. Truman, with attached memo
       November 12, 1950    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Stewart Street to Harry S. Truman, with attached memo
       January 2, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram, A. Philip Randolph to Harry S. Truman
       March 22, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Leonard Brown to Harry S. Truman, with reply by David Niles
       April 17, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Donald Anderson to Harry S. Truman, with reply by David Niles
       May 21, 1951    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Marshall Ross to Harry S. Truman
       August 10, 1951    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Opposition to the Desegregation of the Armed Forces

Charles Mole to Adjutant General, with reply by Marcus Ray
       December 14, 1945    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo re: comments of Representative Rankin
       ca. 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Joseph Beauharnais to Harry S. Truman
       June 24, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Worthington Thompson to Philleo Nash, with attached report
       March 20, 1950    View (16 pages)    |    (PDF)

The Fahy Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces

David Niles to Clark Clifford, with attached memorandum
       May 12, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

James Forrestal to Harry S. Truman, with attached memos
       July 30, 1948    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Franck Havenner to Harry S. Truman, with reply by Matthew Connelly
       August 9, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Clark Clifford to Kenneth Royall
       August 10, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

J.S. to D.
       September 8, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Donald Dawson to Harry S. Truman
       September 9, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Donald Dawson to Harry S. Truman
       September 9, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between George Elsey and Philleo Nash
       September 15, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Harry S. Truman
       September 17, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Press Release
       September 18, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Donald Dawson and Ralph McGill
       October 11, 1948    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram, Ralph McGill to Donald Dawson, with reply letter
       October 11, 1948    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

James Forrestal to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
       October 21, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Marx Leva to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
       December 30, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo to Harry S. Truman
       January 11, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

List of people at President's meeting with Committee on Equality
       January 12, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Remarks to President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services
       January 12, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Transcript of meeting of Fahy Committee with President Truman
       January 12, 1949    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Minutes from President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces, with attached memos
       January 17, 1949    View (11 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo of conversation between Joseph H.B. Evans, Charles Fahy, and E.W. Kenworthy
       March 1, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Sherman Hibbett to Matthew Connelly, with attached memos
       March 3, 1949    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy
       March 4, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Dwight Palmer
       March 7, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Gordon Gray
       March 7, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Browning
       March 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Luckman
       March 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to John Sengstacke
       March 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to William Stevenson
       March 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo for Charles Fahy
       March 16, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to the Fahy Committee
       March 21, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Kenneth Royall
       March 22, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

John Sengstacke to E.W. Kenworthy
       March 25, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Statement by General Omar Bradley
       March 28, 1949    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Clark Clifford, with attached statement
       March 29, 1949    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo for E.W. Kenworthy
       March 30, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Louis Johnson to Charles Fahy, with attachments
       April 18, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memorandum to Charles Fahy re: interim report
       April 27, 1949    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to E.W. Kenworthy, with attachments
       May 4, 1949    View (14 pages)    |    (PDF)

Initial Recommendations by Fahy Committee
       May 24, 1949    View (10 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy
       May 30, 1949    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to David Niles
       June 2, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces Progress Report
       June 7, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Progress Report
       June 7, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between Donald Dawson and David Niles
       June 22, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

A.J. Donahue to Harry S. Truman, with attached memos
       June 29, 1949    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Harry S. Truman
       July 27, 1949    View (34 pages)    |    (PDF)

Interim Report
       July 27, 1949    View (14 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo of Telephone Conversation with General Gillem
       August 12, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Joseph H.B. Evans to the Fahy Committee
       August 27, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between E.W. Kenworthy and James Edmonds
       August 30, 1949    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo for the President
       September 26, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy, with attachments
       September 28, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Suggested Program for Discussion
       ca. October, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Handwritten remarks re: visit of Paul Robeson to Cleveland
       ca. October, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Note regarding visit of Charles Fahy
       October 3, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Harry S. Truman
       October 6, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Further Interim Report to the President
       October 6, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Note by William E. Stevenson, re: Robeson visit to Oberlin College
       October 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Alan Barth
       October 10, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Harry S. Truman, with attachments
       October 11, 1949    View (10 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Karl Bendetsen
       October 14, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Fahy Committee
       October 29, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo of conversation, E.W. Kenworthy and Karl Bendesten
       November 28, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

J. Lawton Collins to Charles Fahy
       December 5, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Harry S. Truman
       December 14, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Harry S. Truman
       January 16, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Dwight Palmer to Charles Fahy
       February 7, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram, Lester Granger to Matthew Connelly
       May 21, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release by Fahy Committee
       May 22, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Statement by the President
       May 22, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Freedom To Serve, Equality Of Treatment And Opportunity In The Armed Services, A Report by The President's Committee
       May 22, 1950    View (82 pages)

Correspondence between Lester Granger and Harry S. Truman, with attached memos
       June 1, 1950    View (9 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence with Philleo Nash re: final copies of "Freedom to Serve"
       June 9, 1950    View (11 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo to Charles Fahy
       July 10, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to William Boyle, Jr., with related attachments
       December 4, 1950    View (32 pages)    |    (PDF)

Actions of the Military after the Executive Order

Philleo Nash to Clark Clifford
       September 2, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Clark Clifford to Kenneth Royall
       September 2, 1948    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Kenneth Royall to Louis Johnson
       December 2, 1948    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

W. Stuart Symington to James Forrestal, with attached proposal
       December 22, 1948    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

John Nicholas Brown to Secretaries of Defense, Army, and Air Force
       December 28, 1948    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Proposed Experimental Plan for Integration"
       ca. 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Transcript of "Meet the Press Broadcast"
       ca. 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

James C. Evans to Worthington Thompson
       February 16, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Draft of Proposed Directive for the Armed Forces for the Period of 1 July 1949 to 1 July 1950
       ca. March, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Hoyt Vandenberg to all Commanding Generals and Officers, USAF
       April 8, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release, "The Negro in the Army"
       April 28, 1949    View (17 pages)    |    (PDF)

W. Stuart Symington to Chairman, Personnel Policy Board, Office of the Secretary of Defense
       April 30, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press release
       May 11, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Letter to Charles Fahy
       May 12, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

John M. Earley to Louis Johnson, with reply by James Evans
       May 16, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Dan Kimball to Louis Johnson
       May 23, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Gordon Gray to Louis Johnson
       May 26, 1949    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release
       June 7, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Fahy Committee
       July 6, 1949    View (7 pages)    |    (PDF)

John Sengstacke to Charles Fahy, with attachment
       July 14, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Kenneth Royall
       July 25, 1949    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

Stephen Spingarn to Philleo Nash, with attachments
       September 23, 1949    View (34 pages)    |    (PDF)

Gordon Gray to Louis Johnson
       September 30, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release
       September 30, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release by Americans for Democratic Action, with attachments
       October 3, 1949    View (8 pages)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to Harry S. Truman
       October 5, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to Harry S. Truman
       October 5, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo from Joseph H.B. Evans
       November 3, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Proposed draft of Utilization of Negro Manpower in the Army
       November 16, 1949    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Utilization of Negro Manpower in the Army"
       November 16, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Constance Anderson to Harry S. Truman, with attached memo from William Hassett to Charles Fahy
       November 17, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Karl Bendesten to E.W. Kenworthy
       November 17, 1949    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Gordon Gray to Charles Fahy
       November 17, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Fahy Committee
       November 18, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo for the Chairman, Personnel Policy Board, GSD
       November 21, 1949    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles Fahy to Constance Anderson
       November 23, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo of conversation, E.W. Kenworthy and Charles Fahy
       November 28, 1949    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Worthington Thompson to Karl Bendetsen, with attachments
       November 28, 1949    View (6 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Deactivation of the 332nd Fighter Wing"
       ca. 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

"Air Force 1949 Racial Policy Change"
       ca. January, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Press Release
       January 12, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

William Batt, Jr. to E.W. Kenworthy with attached letters
       January 22, 1950    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to William Batt, Jr.
       January 30, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo re: Implementation of Air Force Policy Concerning Negro Personnel
       January 31, 1950    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

First Report on the Racial Integration Program of the Air Force
       February 6, 1950    View (38 pages)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to Harry S. Truman
       February 7, 1950    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

David Niles to Harry S. Truman
       February 7, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between J. Oscar Lee and Harry S. Truman
       February 8, 1950    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

James H. Burns to Dean Rusk
       February 13, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Fahy Committee
       February 16, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Eric Severeid
       February 24, 1950    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Report from Eric Sevareid
       February 27, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Dean Rusk to James H. Burns
       March 1, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Louis Johnson to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
       March 8, 1950    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy
       March 14, 1950    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Emanuel Celler
       March 16, 1950    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Louis Johnson to the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force
       April 5, 1950    View (1 page)    |    (PDF)

Correspondence between A. Philip Randolph and David Niles, with attachments
       April 25, 1950    View (12 pages)    |    (PDF)

E.W. Kenworthy to Charles Fahy, with attachment
       April 27, 1950    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegrams between Helen Gahagan Douglas and Matthew Connelly
       October 27, 1950    View (11 pages)    |    (PDF)

Charles E. Spring to Harry S. Truman with attachments
       February 7, 1951    View (5 pages)    |    (PDF)

Telegram, Michael Straight to Harry S. Truman, with attachments
       February 21, 1951    View (12 pages)    |    (PDF)

Dorothy B. Ferebee to Harry S. Truman, with reply by Matthew Connelly
       July 24, 1951    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Michael Straight to Harry S. Truman
       November 9, 1951    View (4 pages)    |    (PDF)

Memo re: Racial Integration of EUCOM Army Units
       April 1, 1952    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Philleo Nash to Donald Dawson, with attachments
       May 27, 1952    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Elmer Henderson to Philleo Nash, with attachments
       June 23, 1952    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Anna Rosenberg to Earl McGrath
       January 10, 1953    View (3 pages)    |    (PDF)

Earl J. McGrath to Anna Rosenberg
       January 15, 1953    View (2 pages)    |    (PDF)