Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Ideological Foundations of the Cold War


Oral HistoriesProfiles

Oral Histories

Dean Acheson, Assistant Secretary of State, 1941-1945; Under Secretary of State, 1945-1947; Secretary of State, 1949-1953.


Jacob Beam, Chief, Central European Division, Department of State, 1947-1949.


Henri Lucien Bonnet, French Ambassador to the United States, 1944-1945.


Clark Clifford, Special Counsel to the President, 1946-1950.


Elbridge Durbrow, Chief, Eastern European Division, Department of State, 1944-1946; Counselor, U.S. Embassy in Moscow, U.S.S.R., 1946-1948.


George Elsey, Naval officer assigned to the White House Map Room, 1942-1947; Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1947-1949.


W. Averell Harriman, Ambassador to Russia, 1943-1946; Ambassador to Great Britain, 1946.


Charles Murphy, Administrative Assistant to the President, 1947-1950.


Paul Nitze, Vice Chairman, U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, 1944-1946; Deputy Director, Office of International Trade Policy, Department of State, 1946; Deputy to the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1948-1949.


G. Frederick Reinhardt, U.S. consul general, Moscow, U.S.S.R., 1947; Chief, Division of Eastern European Affairs, 1948-1950.


Profiles

Dean G. Acheson, Under Secretary of State, 1945-1947; Secretary of State, 1949-1953


Charles Bohlen, Counselor, Department of State, 1947-1953; Ambassador, Soviet Union, 1953-1957


Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Great Britain, 1940-1945, 1951-1955


Clark M. Clifford, Assistant Naval Aide to the President, 1945-1946; Naval Aide to the President, 1946; Special Counsel to the President, 1946-1950


George M. Elsey, Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President, 1947-1949; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1949-1951; Assistant to the Director, Mutual Security Agency, 1951-1953


W. Averell Harriman, U.S. Ambassador to Russia, 1943-1946; U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, 1946; Secretary of Commerce, 1946-1948; U.S. representative in Europe under the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, with rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, 1948-1950; Special Assistant to the President, 1950-1951; U.S. representative on North Atlantic Treaty Organization committee to study Western defense plans, 1951; Director of the Mutual Security Agency, 1951-1953


George F. Kennan, Sends "Long Telegram" from Embassy in Moscow, February, 1946; Wrote an anonymous article in Foreign Affairs magazine, signed "X", advocating a policy of "containment", July, 1947; Director, Policy Planning Staff, State Department, 1948-1949; United States Ambassador in Moscow, 1952


George C. Marshall, Secretary of State, 1947-1949; Secretary of Defense, 1950-1951


Vyacheslav Molotov, Foreign Minister, Soviet Union, 1939-1949


Paul H. Nitze, Deputy Director, Office of International Trade Policy, State Department, 1946; Deputy Director, Policy Planning Staff, State Department, 1949; Director, Policy Planning Staff, State Department, 1950-1953


Joseph Stalin, General Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party, Soviet Union, 1922-1953


Harry S. Truman, President of the United States, 1945-1953