- The SAQ uses two historical quotes, one from Elihu Root and another from Woodrow Wilson. Full citations are included with the quotes.
Suggested time: 12 minutes
Directions: Read the question carefully and write your responses in the space provided for that question.
Answer all parts of the question. Use complete sentences: an outline or bulleted list alone is not acceptable. You may plan your answers in the exam booklet, but no credit will be given for notes written in this booklet. Only your responses on the designated pages of the exam booklet will be scored. Sources have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.
Use the passages and your knowledge of US History to answer all parts of the question that follows.
"Every American, every true American heart should respond with joy, amid its sorrow, to the feeling that if we enter this war to do our part towards bringing about the victory that is so important for us, we shall be fighting over again the battle of the American democracy. The democracy of England, the democracy of France, and now, God be praised, the great democracy of Russia."
Former Secretary of State Elihu Root, Madison Square Garden, New York, March 22, 1917
"Does not every American feel that assurance has been added to our hope for the future peace of the world by the wonderful and heartening things that have been happening within the last few weeks in Russia? Russia was known by those who knew it best to have been always in fact democratic at heart, in all the vital habits of her thoughts, in all the intimate relationships of her people that spoke their natural instinct, their habitual attitude towards life. The autocracy that crowned the summit of her political structure, long as it had stood and terrible as was the reality of its power, was not in fact Russian in origin, character, or purpose; and now it has been shaken off and the great, generous Russian people have been added in all their naive majesty and might to the forces that are fighting for freedom in the world, for justice, and for peace. Here is a fit partner for a League of Honor."
Pres. Woodrow Wilson, speech to Congress asking for a Declaration of War, April 2, 1917
a) Identify and explain one claim about Russian democracy made by Elihu Root.
b) Explain what the agreement regarding Russian democracy between Root and Wilson says about American global hopes at the time.
c) Identify and explain one historical difference between what American political leaders believed about Russian democracy and the reality of the Russian political state.