Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Lesson Plan Martha Washington and the Colonial Era
Author:
Lisa Eastman
Course:
US History
Time Frame:
3 forty-five minute lessons
Subjects:
Women's History

Grade Levels:
9, 10, 11, 12

Classroom/Homework Activity to be performed:

 

An afternoon with Martha Washington. An overview of Martha’s life presented by Mrs. Eastman. A glimpse of the artifacts of colonial times. A light snack with Mrs. Washington.

 

 

Rationale:

 

To give students an overview of colonial times and the life of Martha Washington.

 

 

District, state, or national performance and knowledge standards/goals/skills met:


 

Students in the Appleton Area School District will learn about the history of Wisconsin, the U.S. and the world, examining change and continuity over time in order to develop historical perspective, explain historical relationships and analyze issues that affect the present and the future: A. Time, continuity and change in U.S. history. B. U.S. cultures and cultural diversity. C. People, places and events in U.S. history. D. Process and investigation.

 

 

Secondary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:

 

Brady, Patricia. Martha Washington. Penguin Group, 2005.

 

 

Primary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:
Technology Required:

COmputer with Powerpoint

Full description of activity or assignment.

 

•Students will receive the picture      https://www.docsteach.org/documents/document/washington-mrs-george-martha-bust                                  of Martha Washington and will be asked to do a quick write of who they believe the person is, why is she dressed this way, and what can they generalize about the woman in the photograph.

 

Next students will be introduced Mrs.Washington.  This will be done in the form of a Powerpoint.

 

Students will go around the room and look at 30 items related to the colonial times. They will answer the assessment questions. A question and answer session will take place with an informal French twist snack and apple cider.

 

 

Full explanation of the assessment method and/or scoring guide:

 

Back in Time Name: ____________________

Look at each object and determine what it is and what it was used for in US History.

What would you call this artifact?   What do you think it is used for?

  1. _____________________________     1. ___________________________________

  2. ____________________________ 2. ___________________________________

  3. ____________________________ 3. ___________________________________

  4. ____________________________ 4. ___________________________________

  5. _____________________________     5. ___________________________________

  6. ____________________________ 6.___________________________________

  7. ____________________________ 7. ___________________________________

  8. ____________________________ 8.___________________________________

  9. ____________________________  9.___________________________________

  10. ____________________________ 10.___________________________________

  11. ____________________________ 11.___________________________________

  12. ____________________________ 12. ___________________________________

  13. _____________________________13. ___________________________________

  14. ____________________________ 14. ___________________________________

  15. ____________________________ 15. ___________________________________

  16. ____________________________ 16. ___________________________________

  17. _____________________________17. ___________________________________

  18. ____________________________ 18. ___________________________________

  19. ____________________________ 19. ___________________________________

  20. ____________________________ 20. ___________________________________

  21. ____________________________  21. ___________________________________

  22. ____________________________ 22. ___________________________________

  23. ____________________________ 23. ___________________________________

  24. ____________________________ 24. ___________________________________

  25. ____________________________ 25. ___________________________________

  26. ____________________________ 26. ___________________________________

  27. ____________________________ 27. ___________________________________

  28. ____________________________ 28. ___________________________________

  29. ____________________________ 29. ___________________________________

  30. ____________________________ 30.___________________________________

What did you learn about each artifact?

1._____________________________     16. ___________________________________

2 .____________________________      17. ___________________________________

3. __________________________          18. ___________________________________

  1. _________________________     19. ___________________________________

  2. ____________________________ 20. ___________________________________

  3. ____________________________ 21.___________________________________

  4. ____________________________ 22. ___________________________________

  5. ____________________________ 23.___________________________________

  6. _____________________________24.___________________________________

  7. ____________________________ 25.___________________________________

  8. ____________________________ 26.___________________________________

  9. ____________________________ 27. ___________________________________

  10. _____________________________28. ___________________________________

  11. ____________________________ 29. ___________________________________

  12. ____________________________ 30. ___________________________________

Artifacts used

1.      Playing Cards*-entertainment

2.      Cup and Ball

3.      Tic-Tac-Toe

4.      Musket Ball* used in rifles particularly the Brown Bess. The Brown Bess weighed about 7 pounds and was used in the revolution. Weapons were loaded with gunpowder and the musket ball by hand. The sharpest shooter could get about 3 rounds off in a minute.

5.      Jacks-Gentry had nice Jacks the poor had rocks and a wooden ball.

6.      Wooden Dice-George Washington despised gambling and would confiscate dice. He did not want his soldiers at Valley Forge to gamble.

7.      Needle Holder*-Needles were very expensive and easy to lose. Needle holders were created to hold a needle. Remember commoners would be buying their textiles and sewing their own clothes. The gentry went to a dressmaker

8.      Whirligig-game with the silver coin thing on a string

9.      Colonial Home (lunch box from Colonial Williamsburg)-houses had parlor, dining area/ kitchen and outhouse outside. Rooms upstairs

10.  Quill*-for writing

11.  Wig Curler*-used to curl wigs. Thread was placed around the curler to hold in place and then sprinkled with sugar water to hold.

12.  Night Cap

13.  Wax-for sealing letters.

14.  Bonnet

15.  Macaroni-mention Yankee Doodle- a macaroni is a derogatory term used to describe a dressed up man (metro sexual)

16.  Pipe Cleaner-TOBACCO extremely important to the colonists. In China tobacco became so popular it was believed it cured Malaria. Fact was so many people were smoking the smoke killed the mosquitoes that cased Malaria.

17.  Red Wax*

18.  Soap*made of pig fat and ashes from a fire. For scraping off dirty. Commoners bathed seldom. “Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater.” June weddings due to the fact that people bathed in June, a bouquet was carried by brides to cover up the smell.

19.  Buggy Heater- bring to church use to keep feet warm could also heat a brick.

20.  Flint and Steel*-starting fire

21.  Newspaper-mind your p’s and q’s typesetting

22.  Slingshot

23.  Pieces of Eight I have a card for that one.

24.  Slate Pencil*

25.  Licorice Stick*root that smells of licorice used for scrubbing teeth. Again not a lot of hygiene in the 1700’s

26.  Snake

27.  Jaw Harp*    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v-Mrxxed54hcg

28.  Jacob’s Ladder

29.  Handkerchief –no Kleenex not sure of germs

30. Bedwarmer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sHaKjdBm90c