Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Campaigns through the Decades and Evolution of Media
Author:
Josue Campos
Course:
US History
Time Frame:
1 class period (block schedule)
Grade Levels:
8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Classroom/Homework Activity to be performed:
  • Students will use a graphic organizer to analyze primary sources of Campaign media during the 1916, 1932, & 1952 election at 3 Work-Stations in groups. (See below)
  • They will then individually write a Reflection RAFT

Rationale:
  • Students love to share their thoughts and points of view to their friends and rest of the world via Social Media. They will take a step back in time to see how prominent political figures (sometimes with much difficulty) got their thoughts and messages across to the American people. Students will then offer their expertise on what could have been done differently.

District, state, or national performance and knowledge standards/goals/skills met:


  • KCK Standard #4: Societies experience continuity and change over time
    • WW1: Focus on the role of the United States as it is eventually drawn into the conflict and sends its own off to save the world for democracy.
    • Great Depression/New Deal: Examine how the Great Depression was ushered in by the stock market collapse in the fall of 1929.
    • WW2 and the Aftermath: examine how the United States emerged from World War II as a world power and how the stage for future conflict with the Soviet Union was set in the waning days of the war.

Secondary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:
  • Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J. United States History: Modern America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. Print. Chapters 6, 9, 13  (Class Textbook)
  • http://archives.gov/publications/prologue/2004/summer//hoover-2.html

Primary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:

Full description of activity or assignment.
  • Students will rotate between 3 Document Stations: 1) 1916 Election, 2) 1932 Election, & 3) 1952 election
  • After the completion of their questions on the graphic organizer, students will discuss what could the losing candidate have done differently with his Media, or were the Social, Political, or Economic factors too much?
  • They will also discuss whose campaign media was more memorable and why.
  • Teacher will introduce the relevance of the assignment and give instructions and do any necessary modeling.

Teacher will travel from station to station and monitor progress and check for understanding.

Graphic organizer

Name _____________________________________________________

Hour __________

 

Elections and the use of Media

Available media (describe):

1916:

 

1932:

 

1952:

 

 

 

 

Election

What was happening in America socially, economically, & politically?

How do the candidates Media address the issues of the time?

Overall Message: Change or Stay the Same?

Examples

Which candidate used the available media of the time better?

How?

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wilson

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wilson

 

Hughes

 

 

 

 

Hughes

 

 

 

 

 

 

1932

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoover

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoover

 

Roosevelt

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roosevelt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1952

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eisenhower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eisenhower

 

Stephenson

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stephenson

 

 

Reflection RAFT

 

Role

Audience

Format

Topic

Hughes looks back at the 1916 Election

 

Future Generations

 

Memoir

Hughes reflects on how his fate would be any different had radio and TV been available

Hoover looks back at the 1932 Election

 

Future Generations

 

 

Memoir

Hoover reflects on how he would have used the Radio differently and how things would be similar or different had TV been available.

Full explanation of the assessment method and/or scoring guide:

Reflection R.A.F.T.

 

Role

Audience

Format

Topic

Hughes looks back at the 1916 Election

 

Future Generations

 

Memoir

Hughes reflects on what he could have done differently and how his fate would be different had radio and TV been available

Hoover looks back at the 1932 Election

 

Future Generations

 

 

Memoir

Hoover reflects on how he would have used the Radio differently and how things would be similar or different had TV been available.

 

 

Rubric

 

4

3

2

1

Accuracy

Information is always accurate and properly reflects ideas and themes of the subject

Information is accurate but could use more support

Information provided has some inaccuracies or missing

Information is incomplete or inaccurate

Perspective

Writing has consistent point of view and information tied to role and the audience.

You explain how your character would feel about the event but missing a clear point of view

Show little insight to your characters feelings to the event.

You do not accurately develop your characters thoughts or reactions to the event.

Grammar/ Mechanics

Few grammatical errors and consistently writes in the correct tense

Several grammatical errors and/ or inconsistent tense

More than 5 grammatical errors and mostly written in incorrect tense

More than 8 grammatical errors and completely written in incorrect tense.