Through small group work and an individual assignment, students will use a background description, various maps and the Truman Doctrine speech to analyze European postwar events and reactions by the Soviet Union and the United States which led to heightened Cold War tension.
The events of 1946 and 1947 as well as the Truman Doctrine Speech serve as a great point of origin to study the Cold War. Students can see cause and effect relationships and the development of hard lines by both Soviet Union and the US. Students will not only be able to explain “What is the Cold War?”, but also “How did it develop?”
Students will define containment and provide examples of US implementation of containment strategies when faced with international events and conflicts. Students will explain outcomes and consequences of these events. (Standard Indicators USH 6.1 USH 7.5 USH 7.6 USH 7.7 USH 8.2)
Benchmark 3: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas, developments, and turning points in the era of the Cold War (1945-1990).
2. analyzes the origins of the Cold War (e.g., establishment of the Soviet Bloc, Mao’s victory in China, Marshall Plan, Berlin Blockade, Iron Curtain).
3. (A) evaluates the foreign policies of Truman and Eisenhower during the Cold War (e.g., establishment of the United Nations, containment, NATO, Truman Doctrine, Berlin Blockade, Korean War, Iron Curtain, U-2 incident).
Benchmark 5: The student engages in historical thinking skills. 3.(A) uses primary and secondary sources about an event in U.S. history to develop a credible interpretation of the event, evaluating on its meaning (e.g., uses provided primary and secondary sources to interpret a historical-based conclusion).
3aW: Describe and evaluate the evolution of United States domestic and foreign policies including the Cold War.
7A: Distinguish between and analyze primary and secondary sources.
7C: Distinguish between fact and opinion and analyze sources to recognize bias and points of view.
Primary Document Analysis Questions
Student Name____________________ Truman Doctrine Speech
Read and follow along with audio –then answer the following
1) According to President Truman, (paragraph 12) what is threatening the “very existence of the Greek State”?
2) Why is it the responsibility (paragraphs 15-17) of the US to deal with crisis in Greece and Turkey?
3) President Truman gave a Credo or statement of US belief in paragraphs 37 and 38, What is the statement of belief?
4) President Truman is asking Congress to take action. What is he asking Congress to do?
5) If the US fails to act, there will be consequences. (paragraphs 54-58) What are consequences of inaction?
6) Choose some key words from the speech that demonstrate the level of crisis, tension and conflict.
7) Choose a phrase or expression used by President Truman that you feel is very persuasive and convincing.
8) What is your favorite quote from this speech?