- Stalin’s Pre-election speech
- Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech
- The Long Telegram
- The Truman Doctrine
- The Marshall Plan-Marshall’s speech at Harvard University http://www.oecd.org/document/10/0,3746,en_2649_201185_1876938_1_1_1_1,00.html
The lesson is for use in an IB 20th Century World History class, made up of High School juniors and seniors. It is a cooperative learning assignment which uses key primary source documents from the Truman administration.
This topic is a key component of the IB history curriculum that addresses Topic 3: The Cold War from the Paper 2 exam that students take in May in an effort to obtain an IB certificate in History.
IB History Guide goals
3bM. Analyze all significant wars of the twentieth century, including: causes, comparisons, consequences and peace efforts
6o. Determine the causes, consequences and possible resolutions of cultural conflicts
7a. Distinguish between and analyze primary sources and secondary sources
Benchmark 4: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas,
developments, and turning points of the World Since 1945.
(A) analyzes the Cold War as the competition between two
competing ideologies or world views and its impact on various
regions of the world.
Benchmark 5: The student engages in historical thinking skills.
(A) uses primary and secondary sources about an event in world
history to develop a credible interpretation of the event, forming
conclusions about its meaning (e.g., use provided primary and
secondary sources to interpret a historical-based conclusion).
Cold War Document Analysis
Truman Doctrine & Containment
After reading your assigned document within your group, please assess the document as if you were historians studying the effects of containment theory in the early years of the Cold War Period. Pay particular attention to the role that aid played in the effort to combat communism in this period.
Origin: (Address the author, government/country of origin, date, background on author)
Purpose: (Who is the intended audience? What is the purpose of the document-why was it written?)
Value: (How is this valuable in understanding the effects of containment theory in the early years of the Cold War Period, with regards to the role that aid played in the effort to combat communism in this period.)
Limitation: (How is this limiting in understanding the effects of containment theory in the early years of the Cold War
Period, with regards to the role that aid played in the effort to combat communism in this period.)