Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

The Florida Panhandle and World War I
Pam Smith
US History
Time Frame:
Time frame will depend on student pace. Lesson completion will be planned to be one of two lessons completed during a course week as indicated on student’s pace chart.
World War I

Grade Levels:

Classroom/Homework Activity to be performed:

The setting for the lesson is a virtual, asynchronous classroom.  Students have 24/7 course access.  The student will conduct research about the Florida Panhandle region and its veterans during World War I (1914-1918). This lesson is an enrichment activity for the US History course delivered using the learning platform Educator.

The Florida Panhandle includes the counties as follow:
Bay, Calhoun, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon,  Liberty, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Walton, Wakulla,  and Washington.


Student learning and research related to area life and involvement in World War I will offer connection with history. 

District, state, or national performance and knowledge standards/goals/skills met:

Next Generation Sunshine State Standards

Demonstrate an understanding of the changing role of the United States in world affairs through the end of World War I.

Use research and inquiry skills to analyze American history using primary and secondary sources.

Describe various socio-cultural aspects of American life including arts, artifacts, literature, education, and publications.

Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as they relate to United States history.

Examine causes, course, and consequences of United States involvement in World War I.


Missouri Standards

2. continuity and change in the history of Missouri, the United States and the world

6. relationships of the individual and groups to institutions and cultural traditions

7. the use of tools of social science inquiry (such as surveys, statistics, maps, documents)


Kansas Standards

Benchmark 1: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas,developments, and turning points in the era of the emergence of the modern United States (1890 -1930).

6. (A) analyzes the reasons for and impact of the United States’entrance into World War I.
7. (A) analyzes how the home front was influenced by United States involvement in World War I (e.g., Food Administration, Espionage Act, Red Scare, influenza, Creel Committee).

Benchmark 5: The student engages in historical thinking skills.
1. (A) analyzes a theme in United States history to explain patterns of continuity and change over time.
2. (A) develops historical questions on a specific topic in United States history and analyzes the evidence in primary source documents to speculate on the answers.

Primary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:

Primary sources (document, photograph, artifact, diary or letter, audio or visual recording, etc.) needed – cite detailed information:

Florida Memory Project (Website can be used to locate induction cards and other military records for World War I service members.)



National Archives (Website can be used to locate induction cards and other military records for World War I service members.)



Online World War I Indexes & Records: A Genealogy Guide-Online World War I Indexes & Records – USA (Website can be used to locate induction cards and other military records for World War I service members.) 



National World War Museum



Truman Library and Museum



Secondary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed – cite title and other detailed information:

Timeline of Florida History 1914-1918



PBS series on World War I

http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/ http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/


National World War Museum



Truman Library and Museum



MLA Documentation http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/


Source of map: http://www.cogmifl.org/images/Panhandle_Map.gif

Full description of activity or assignment.


 Personal Connections with WWI 

Annie Mae Kittrell
Maternal Grandmother of Pam Smith

My grandmother Annie Mae Kittrell (B: 9/27/1910- D: 9/25/1995) lived in Jackson County in Florida’s Panhandle.   She wrote over 700 pages of memories for us.  Included in her memories were images of the war in her hometown of Cottondale.  Recalling World War I, she writes about a bond rally that was held in Cottondale.  Annie Mae states, “I remember that there was an armored tank and some soldiers and they allowed the children to climb on the tanks and look inside.  There was a lot of patriotic songs and music.  The entire neighborhood turned out for these occasions." She recalls the involvement of schoolchildren as they collected dimes in a special slotted card to be turned into the bond chairman. She further explained that patriotism was taught in the schools and that it remained important to her as she writes, "For many years I have often thought of what has become of patriotism.  The word I think has become obsolete.  I was very young, but the things I saw and heard made a lasting impression on me."  Later, Annie Mae saw joy around her as World War I ended. She remembered the tears that were shed at church after the armistice was signed.  She wrote, "Now I know they were releasing some of their pent up emotions they had harbored for so long.  Children see and wonder about such things, but somewhere, later in their lives, they reason these things out as similar situations confront them." 


Personal Connections with WWI
Obediah Bryson Smith
                          Paternal Grandfather of Pam Smith
PFC Obediah (O.B.) Smith served in World War I as an ammunition specialist in the Army’s 81st Infantry in France.  Also, he served as a French interpreter and division negotiator with the local population for horses, food, and lodging.  Personal Connections with WWI  Personal Connections with WWI  Personal Connections with WWI
Below is a link to the WW I induction card for my grandfather Obediah Bryson Smith (B: 5/23/1896 - D: 5/21/1985).  He was a Florida Panhandle resident.

Full explanation of the assessment method and/or scoring guide:

Assessment Rubric for Lesson: Florida Panhandle & World War I: 150 Points

Item Possible






Teacher Comments

Wiki (KWL) 20      



Discussion Board (20)    



Board Post #1







Discussion Board Post #2 5      



Discussion Board Post #3 5      



Discussion Board Post #4 5      





Content: Five events 10      



Content: Research-

World War I soldier




Content: KWL Chart 20      



Content: Florida WW I Statistics 10      




Min. 2 primary sources

Sources: Min. 2 secondary sources 10      


Creativity: Two photos 10      
Creativity: Graphics 5      
Works Cited Page
In-Text Citations
Total points 150