Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Berlin Airlift
Author:
Amy Turner
Course:
American History, World History, Cold War, Government
Time Frame:
2-3 days
Subjects:
Marshall Plan
,
Berlin Airlift
,
Berlin Airlift
,
Berlin Airlift

Grade Levels:
9, 10, 11, 12

Classroom/Homework Activity to be performed:

Individual assignment using primary sources – first hand accounts of the Airlift, The Candy Bomber; To Save a City;  Truman Library online resources, newsreels

Rationale:

Students will be able to understand the purposes and outcomes of the Berlin Airlift, the Berlin blockade as a response to the growing Cold War and as the first battle of the Cold War

District, state, or national performance and knowledge standards/goals/skills met:


  • knowledge of Cold War events and participants
  • connection to current events

 

Missouri Standards

2. Continuity and change in the history of Missouri, the United States and the world

6. Relationships of the individual and groups to institutions and cultural traditions

 

Kansas Standards

Benchmark 3: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas, developments, and turning points in the era of the Cold War (1945-1990).

1. (K) explains why the United States emerged as a superpower as the result of World War II.

2.(A) analyzes the origins of the Cold War (e.g., establishment of the Soviet Bloc, Mao’s victory in China, Marshall Plan, Berlin Blockade, Iron Curtain).

3. (A) evaluates the foreign policies of Truman and Eisenhower during the Cold War (e.g., establishment of the United Nations, containment, NATO, Truman Doctrine, Berlin Blockade, Korean War, Iron Curtain, U-2 incident).

5. (A) analyzes domestic life in the United States during the Cold War era (e.g., McCarthyism, federal aid to education, interstate highway system, space as the New Frontier, Johnson’s Great Society).

Benchmark 5: The student engages in historical thinking skills.

1. (A) analyzes a theme in United States history to explain patterns of continuity and change over time.

Secondary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:
  • A+ computer program
  • textbooks
  • videos from airlift
  • Truman Library online resources

Primary materials (book, article, video documentary, etc.) needed:
  • The Candy Bomber
  • To Save a City
  • Newsreel coverage of the Berlin Airlift
  • Telegrams and memos relating to the Berlin blockade
  • Cartoons
  • Maps of 1948 Europe
  • Timeline of the Airlift

Technology Required:

Computer programs ; DVD/TV;  Internet 

Full description of activity or assignment.

Students will read background material defining the Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine, Berlin Airlift. They will complete a fact sheet about the logistics of the Airlift using the book To Save a City. Students will have time in class to read excerpts from the Candy Bomber and will study the online resources from Truman Library

Full explanation of the assessment method and/or scoring guide:

The assessment will be a 50 point test including definitions, matching, identification of persons involved in the blockade and the airlift. There will be an essay question in which the students relate the blockade and airlift to crises in the world over the last 5 years. They will be encouraged to study natural disasters as well as military interventions around the world.