Primary and secondary sources may be acquired via the Internet.
The Berlin Airlift and the Candy Bombers
Background to the Berlin Airlift
Read the article concerning the Berlin Airlift found here and answer the following questions.
*How many zones of occupation was Germany divided into?
*Why was Truman considered “soft” on communism?
*Besides economic security for the German people, what advantage to the United States would a “Trizone” create?
*What motivations did the Soviet Union have for pursuing a Berlin blockade?
From the Director of the CIA
Read Director of the CIA R. H. Hillenkoetter’s memorandum to President Truman found here. Answer the following question.
*How accurate is Hillenkoetter’s prediction in his letter to President Truman?
President Harry Truman
*Describe President Truman’s opinion of the Soviet Union concerning the Berlin Blockade. Click here to listen to his audio clips. Scroll to the audio file links at the bottom of the page.
On the Lighter Side
View some of the cartoons drawn by Staff Sergeant Jake Schuffert found here. Answer the following questions.
*What were Jake Schuffert’s motivations for drawing his cartoons?
*Choose one cartoon and describe what view Schuffert was trying to express.
The Candy Bomber
Read the excerpts from The Berlin Candy Bomber and watch the video on Gail Halvorsen to answer the following questions. Pay special attention to pages 101-105, 116-118, and 121-123.
*What were Gail Halvorsen’s motivations for beginning the candy bombing raids?
*Many of the same pilots that delivered supplies in the Berlin Airlift had bombed Germany during World War II. How could the pilots change their attitude about the German people in such a short period of time?
*Would have Gail Halvorsen’s superiors supported his efforts if he had asked permission prior to the candy bombing raids?
*What lasting impact did the Berlin Airlift and candy bombing raids have on history?
*How did the Berlin Airlift support Truman’s policy of containment?
*How might have Truman’s handling of the blockade lead to greater tension in the Cold War?
*Do you agree with Truman’s handling of the Berlin Blockade? Explain.