|181. Exchange of Messages With the Presidents of Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and Colombia Concerning the U.S. Decision on Korea|
June 29, 1950 |
[1.] His Excellency Otilio Ulate:
I greatly appreciate your telegram of June 28. The support of all free men in these difficult hours is an affirmation of the high purposes of the United Nations and gives encouragement to the cause of justice.
HARRY S. TRUMAN
[His Excellency Otilio Ulate, President of the Republic of Costs Rica, San Jose]
NOTE: President Ulate's message, dated June 28, follows:
The effective support that Your Excellency has given to the Security Council in its decision relating to the conflict in Korea fosters the conviction and the hope of the free men and free nations of the world and demands recognition from the other democracies of this continent. I take this means to express to you these sentiments in behalf of Costs Rica.
The decision of the Security Council besides tending to consolidate peace and safeguard freedom, as is incumbent upon it by virtue of its function, involves other aspects which profoundly interest Costs Ricans. That resolution was not taken for the benefit of great powers which have sufficient force to protect themselves but was taken to safeguard the territorial integrity of a human group with a right to a peaceful existence which does not have at its disposal the indispensable material means for defending itself against aggression but which does have a legitimate government, the product of a free suffrage and therefore a real expression of the popular will, according to the investigation that was carried out by the Security Council itself.
Costs Rica, which invariably defends the democratic principles of its life and jealously guards its institutions, which in the international field adheres to the principles of juridical equality of states and which in its internal life shows itself at all times disposed to make effective freedom of suffrage as one of the fundamentals of democracy and as one of the sources of liberty, must view with approval the attitude of the Security Council in protecting those same principles against an unutterable totalitarian aggression and likewise views with approval the moral and material backing that the United States through the lofty conduct of Your Excellency gives this attitude.
Please accept the congratulations which I express in the name of the government and the people of Costa Rica.
With highest consideration for Your Excellency.
[2.] His Excellency Rafael L. Trujillo Molina:
I wish to thank Your Excellency for your expression of solidarity in connection with the action taken by the Government of the United States in conformity with the decision of the Security Council of the United Nations concerning the unprovoked attack on the Republic of Korea. With energetic action I know the forces devoted to maintenance of peace and freedom in the world will be successful.
HARRY S. TRUMAN
[His Excellency Rafael L. Truiillo Molina, President of the Dominican Republic, Ciudad Trujillo]
NOTE: President Trujillo's message, dated June 27, follows:
In acknowledgment of the presidential declarations made known at twelve noon today, I have the honor to express to Your Excellency that my Government is entirely in accord (identified) with the determined attitude taken by Your Excellency's Government, in deciding to back with the power of United States arms, which are arms of liberty, the decision of the Security Council of the United Nations, unrespected by the Communist Government of North Korea. The proposal of world domination by communism can only be frustrated when the democracies take decisions bold and energetic as those which in these moments Your Excellency's Government has taken. The sincerity of these words is confirmed by the firm conduct with which for a long time I have been adopting and proclaiming in my country to defend it from the aggressive action of communism. I take this opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of my highest and most distinguished consideration.
RAFAEL L. TRUJILLO
[3.] His Excellency Anastasio Somoza:
Your message of support of June 27 is greatly appreciated. It is important in these hours that the nations of the free world take their stand against aggression.
HARRY S. TRUMAN
[His Excellency Anastasio Somoza, President of the Republic of Nicaragua, Managua]
NOTE: President Somoza's message, dated June 27, follows:
In view of the breach of the peace which the armed attack on the Republic of Korea by forces of Northern Korea implies, my Government, following its traditional policy of respect for international commitments and of solidarity with the Western Democracies, hastens to assure Your Excellency of its firm determination to support whatever attitude your great Nation may decide to adopt in the face of the crisis which has arisen. I avail myself of this opportunity to reiterate to you my highest esteem and cordial friendship.
[4.] His Excellency Mariano Ospina Perez:
Permit me to express to Your Excellency the deepest appreciation of the Government and people of the United States for the assurances of the support of Colombia in the efforts being made by the United States, through the United Nations, in defense of world peace, democracy, and respect for international treaties. I feel certain that Colombia, as a member of the United Nations, will do all in its power to assist in fulfilling the resolutions of the Security Council.
Accept, Excellency, the assurances of my highest and most distinguished consideration.
HARRY S. TRUMAN
[His Excellency Mariano Ospina Perez, President of the Republic of Colombia, Bogota]
NOTE: President Ospina Perez' message, dated June 28, follows:
As a result of the noble efforts which Your Excellency and the great North American people are making in defense of world peace, democratic systems, and the unreserved respect due international treaties, it behooves me, in the name of the Government and people of Colombia, to inform Your Excellency that my country, in accordance with the obligations imposed on it as a member of the United Nations and of the Organization of American States, is disposed to collaborate with the Government of the United States in the manner which the development of international events may make necessary for the successful fulfillment of the resolutions of the Security Council and the repulse of the unjust aggression of which the Republic of Korea has been victim. I take this opportunity to reiterate to Your Excellency my sentiments of consideration and friendship.
MARIANO OSPINA PEREZ
Provided courtesy of The American Presidency Project. John Woolley and Gerhard Peters. University of California, Santa Barbara.