Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Public Papers
Harry S. Truman

President Harry S. Truman.  Source: Truman Library.

The Public Papers of Harry S. Truman contain most of President Truman's public messages, statements, speeches, and news conference remarks. Documents such as Proclamations, Executive Orders, and similar documents that are published in the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations, as required by law, are usually not included. The documents within the Public Papers are arranged in chronological order. President Truman delivered the remarks or addresses from Washington, D. C., unless otherwise indicated. The White House in Washington issued statements, messages, and letters unless noted otherwise. (Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Harry S. Truman, 1945-1953. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1966)

The Public Papers contain items such as the Statement by the President Announcing the Use of the A-Bomb at Hiroshima (August 6, 1945), the Special Message to the Congress on Greece and Turkey: The Truman Doctrine (March 12, 1947), the White House Statement Announcing Recognition of the Government of Israel (January 31, 1949), the Statement and Order by the President on Relieving General MacArthur of His Commands (April 11, 1951), and The President's Farewell Address to the American People (January 15, 1953).

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Provided courtesy of The American Presidency Project.  John Woolley and Gerhard Peters. University of California, Santa Barbara.
 247.  Address on Radio Program Sponsored by the International Ladies Garment Workers Union Campaign Committee
October 21, 1948

[ Broadcast from the White House at 10:05 p.m. ]

I CERTAINLY appreciate the cordial introduction and support of Miss Bankhead. Miss Bankhead's father, the great Speaker of the House, Honorable William Bankhead, was a very good friend of mine. Miss Bankhead's uncle, the Honorable John Bankhead, with whom I sat for years in the Senate, was a fine gentleman and a great Senator. Also, I appreciate most highly the support of Miss Barrymore, the first lady of the stage, whom I've seen and admired in all her great roles.

I am happy to be on this program tonight to pay tribute to the liberal spirit of the forces of labor in the United States.

On such a program I want to reiterate emphatically my faith in the liberal philosophy of the Democratic Party.. That philosophy is service for people--the greatest good for the greatest number. And upon that philosophy we have erected during the past 16 years a great progressive body of laws. We call those laws the New Deal.

The New Deal represents not merely our pride in what we have done, but the pattern for what we want to do.

It is a program for going forward. True liberalism looks to the future. True liberalism is more than a matter of words. It cannot hide behind the catch phrases of the Republican candidate for President--catch phrases like "unity" and "efficiency." Unity for what? And what kind of efficiency?

You remember that Mr. Hoover was an "efficiency expert," too. Also, as the Republicans presented him, he was the "Great Engineer."

We have been hearing about engineers again recently from the Republican candidate. He objects to having engineers back up. He doesn't mention, however, that under the "Great Engineer" we backed up into the worst depression in our history.

The Republican politicians never have liked the New Deal, and they would like to get rid of it--repeal it--put it out of existence.

When, in 1946, the Republicans gained control of the Congress, they began to whittle away at the New Deal laws. Now, they have tasted blood, and they are waiting eagerly for the time, when they can go ahead with a Republican Congress and a Republican President and do a real hatchet job on the New Deal.

Their candidate for President is the chief prosecutor against the New Deal. He has spoken against it, he has campaigned against it. He wrote a book called "The Case Against the New Deal." And now he wants to come to Washington and destroy it.

Now, let's take a look at the way the Republicans launched their attack on the New Deal as soon as they gained control of the Congress.

First, they started out after labor. One of the cornerstones of the New Deal was the Wagner Labor Relations Act, which gave national protection to the right of collective bargaining. Under its provisions, the labor movement had grown strong and healthy.

Well, our old reactionary friends didn't like that. They didn't have the courage or they didn't have the votes to repeal the Wagner ...
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