Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Frank Pace Jr.

Oral History Interviews with
Frank Pace Jr.

Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General, Taxation Division, 1946; Executive Assistant to the U.S. Postmaster General, 1946-48; Assistant Director, Bureau of the Budget, 1948-49; Director, Bureau of the Budget, 1949-50; and Secretary of the Army, 1950-53.


Interview Transcripts
January 17, 1972 | January 22, 1972 | February 17, 1972 | February 25, 1972 | June 26, 1972
by Jerry N. Hess

See also Frank Pace Jr. Papers finding aid


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NOTICE
These are transcripts of tape-recorded interviews conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of each transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that these are essentially transcripts of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview..

RESTRICTIONS
These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.

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Appendicies

Appendix I: Log of President Truman's Trip to Wake Island, October 11-18, 1950, compiled by Lt. Comdr. William M. Rigdon, USN (Truman Library Papers of Rose A. Conway Collection: Box 3; Logs of Presidential Trips; Presidential Trip Logs -- 1950-52)

Appendix II: Substance of Statements Made At Wake Island Conference on October 15, 1950, compiled by General of the Army, Omar N. Bradley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, GPO, Washington, D.C., 1951 (Truman Library Book Collection, DS918 B7)

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List of Subjects Discussed

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X-Y-Z

    Acheson, Dean, 67-69, 85, 91, 92, 96, 111, Appendix II, p4
    Air Force, U.S., 2, 30
    Alexander, Archibald S., 127
    Allen, Leven C., 105
    Alsop, Joseph, 67
    Americans for Democratic Action, 49
    Anderson, Clinton P., 63, 64
    Anderson, Vernice, 93, 99
    Arizona, 22, 23
    Arkansas, 1, 6, 7
    Arkansas, flag of, 107
    Armed services, secretariat of, 124-126
    Armed services, unification of the, 129-133
    Army, U.S., 2, 129-133
    Army, Department of the, 30, 64-75, 76-114, 115-133
    Atomic weapons, possible use of in the Korean War, 137-140
    Attlee, Clement, 137

    Baughman, U.E., 59
    Bendetsen, Karl R., 127-128
    Biffle, Leslie, 7, 8, 54
    Blair House meetings of June 25, 26, 1950, 68-72
    Bohlen, Charles E., 113
    Bradley, Omar N., 91, 98, 99, 128
    Budget, Bureau of the, 2-4, 7, 8, 16, 17, 19-26, 28-32, 33-38, 40-48, 58, 61, 64, 65
    Budget in Brief, 20, 21

    Case, Clifford, 130, 131
    Central Arizona Project, 22, 156
    Chapman, Oscar L., 154
    Chang Kai Shek, 100, 101
    China, Communist, 89, 90, 100-103, 111, 112, 138
    Civil Aeronautics Board, 3, 4
    Clark, Mark W., 111
    Clark, Mary, 12
    Clark, Tom C., 2, 11, 12, 13
    Clifford, Clark M., 60, 63, 64
    Colorado River, 22
    Collins, J. Lawton, 112, 114, 129, 130
    Collins Plan, 129, 130
    Congress, U.S., 7, 8, 19
    Council of Economic Advisers, 45, 64, 65, 155

    Dai-Ichi Building, Tokyo, Japan, 104, 108
    Dawes, Charles, 35, 36, 40
    Defense, Department of, 28, 29, 31
    Defense, Secretaries of, 121-128
    Democratic National Committee, 13, 15
    Democratic National Convention of 1944, 4, 13, 14
    Democratic National Convention of 1948, 49-51
    Dewey, Thomas E., 10, 11, 55, 56
    Dickinsen, Edward, 126
    Dodd, Francis T., 114
    Donaldson, Jesse M., 14
    Douglas, Lewis, 37
    Douglas, William O., 13
    Dulles, John F., 109, 110

    Early, Stephen T., 85-87
    Eisenhower, Dwight D., 20, 49, 50, 120, 121, 145, 146

    Fair Deal, 28
    Farley, James A., 15
    Finletter, Thomas K., 121, 124-126
    Formosa, 82, 97, 100, 101

    General Counsel, Department of Internal Revenue (Arkansas), 1
    General Dynamics Corporation, 2
    General Electric Corporation, 9
    Gray, Gordon, 65, 66
    Gruenther, Alfred M., 112

    "Halls of Montezuma", 132
    Hannegan, Robert E., 3, 13, 14, 51
    Harriman, Averell, 91
    Harvard Law School, 1, 6
    Hawaii, 108, 109
    Hayden, Carl, 23, 24
    Hoover Commission, 19, 20
    Hoover, Herbert C., 19, 20
    Hume, Paul, 156

    Inchon, South Korea, 80, 81, 88, 89
    Integration, racial, 150, 151
    International Executive Service Corps, 2

    Jackson County, Missouri, 38
    James, Grover, 6
    Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner (1952), 134
    Jessup, Philip C., 69, 91, 92
    Johnson, Earl D., 109, 127, 128
    Johnson, Louis A., 67, 69, 79, 80, 83-86, 122
    Johnson, Lyndon B., 146, 147
    Joint Chiefs of Staff, 124, 125
    Joplin, Missouri, 6
    Justice Department, Tax Division, 2, 11, 12

    Kennan, George F., 113
    Kennedy, John F., 146
    Kerr, Robert S., 63, 64
    Keyserling, Leon, 64, 65, 154, 155
    Key West, Florida, 58-61
    Kimball, Dan A., 121, 124, 126, 130, 131
    KoJe do Island (POW Camp), 113, 114
    Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG), 72, 94, 95
    The Korean War, 89, 106, 107
    Korean War, 31, 33, 66-75, 76-95, 97-109, 115-121, 137-140
    Korean War:

    Korth, Fred, 127, 128

    Lawton, Frederick J., 19
    Legislative Reference Service, Bureau of the Budget, 35-37
    Little Rock, Arkansas, 1, 53-55
    Lovett, Robert A., 87, 119, 120

    MacArthur, Douglas, 68, 73, 81-83, 88, 90-94, 97, 98, 100
    MacArthur: Rendevouz With Destiny, 102
    McAuliffe, Anthony, 72
    McClellan, John L., 2, 13
    McFarland, Ernest W., 23, 24
    Marine Corps, 129-133
    Marshall, George C., 84, 86-91, 104, 105, 113, 116-120, 156
    Matthews, Francis P., 121-123
    Milton, William, 9, 10
    Missouri, 6, 7
    Muccio, John J., 68

    National Security Council, 18
    Navy, Department of the, 29, 30
    New Deal, 27
    New York, Presidential Election of 1948, 52
    Nixon, Richard M., 111, 112
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 112

    Pace, Mrs. Frank, 10, 11
    Poker games with President Truman, 62-64
    Postmaster General, U.S., 2, 3
    Post Office Department, U.S., 13-15
    Presidency, office of the, 17-20
    Presidential election of 1948:

      Biffle, Leslie, in, 8
      Budget, U.S., and the, 34
      Democratic National Convention, 49-51
      Republican campaign mistakes, 55, 56
      third parties in, 51, 52
      Truman, Harry S., role in, 9, 10
    Presidential election of 1952, Democratic nomination, 134, 135
    Presidential transition, 1952-53, 140-142
    Press Conferences on the Budget, 38, 40, 41
    Princeton University, 1, 6
    Progressive Party (1948), 52
    Pusan, South Korea, 81, 88, 106
    Pyrennees Mountains, 112

    Radford, Arthur W., 91
    Ridgway, Matthew B., 89, 90, 105-107
    Rigdon, William M., 58
    Robinson, Joseph T., 57
    Roosevelt, Franklin D., 4, 5, 17, 25, 45, 46, 48-51, 111, 142-145
    Ross, Charles G., 91
    Rusk, Dean, 67, 69

    Schaub, William, 58
    Secretariat of the Armed Services, See: Armed Services
    Secretaries of the Armed Services, See: Armed Services
    Secret Service, 59
    Seventh Fleet, U.S., 100, 101
    Smith, Harold, 19, 25, 37
    Snyder, John W., 7, 26, 41-45, 54, 58, 154
    Sons of St. Patrick, 123
    South Korea, U.S. evacuation of in 1949, 95, 96
    Soviet Union, 77, 78, 111-113
    Spain, 112
    State's Rights Party (1948), 51, 52
    Stevens, Robert T., 141, 142
    Stevenson, Adlai E., 136
    Sullivan, John, 4, 122
    Supreme Court, U.S., 1
    Symington, Stuart, 14

    38th Parallel (Korea), 88, 89
    Throckmorton, John, 105
    Thurmond, J. Strom, 51, 52
    Treasury Department, U.S., 16, 17, 25, 42-44
    Truman Beach, 60
    Truman, Bess Wallace, 134, 137
    Truman, Harry S.:

      atomic weapons in Korean War, position on use of, 137, 138
      Blair House meetings of June 25-26, 1950, and, 69-72, 76
      Budget, and the Federal, 22-26, 28, 29, 31, 33-38, 40-48, 59, 61
      Central Arizona Project, and the, 22-24
      Korean War, Congressional support in, 78, 79
      Korean, War, decision .to commit U.S. ground troops in, 73-75
      Key West, Florida, vacations in, 59-61
      Little Rock, Arkansas, visit to in 1949, 53-55
      MacArthur, Douglas, dismissal from military command, 118, 119
      MacArthur, Douglas, and VFW letter controversy, 82, 83
      Pace, Frank, appointed Assistant Director of the Budget Bureau by, 3, 4
      Pace, Frank, first acquaintance with, 2, 3
      Pace, Frank, relationship with, 8, 9, 152-154
      Presidency, accession to the, 5, 6
      Presidency, and the Office of the, 17-20
      as President, assessment of, 144, 145, 147-150, 152, 155-157
      Presidential Election of 1948, and the, 9, 10
      Presidential Election of 1948, opposition of third parties in, 51, 52
      Presidential nomination of 1948, and the, 49, 50
      Presidential nomination of 1952, decision not to seek, 134, 135
      Presidential transition of 1952-53, and the, 140-142
      truce in Korean War, possible attainment of, 120, 121
      Vice Presidential nomination of 1944, selection for, 13, 14
      Wake Island Conference of 1950, and the, 90-92, 97, 98, 101, 102
    Williamsburg, U.S.S., trips on, 61, 62
    Truman Memoirs, 25, 28, 29, 154
    Truman, Margaret, 156

    Unification of the Armed Services See: Armed Services
    United Nations, 70, 71, 88
    United States, U.S.S., 122
    University of North Carolina, 66

    Veterans of Foreign Wars, 82
    Vinson, Fred M., 64

    Wake Island, 109, 110
    Wake Island Conference (1950), 90-94, 97-99, 101, 102
    Wallace, Henry A., 4, 13, 52
    Webb, James E., 3, 9, 18, 19, 37
    Whitney, Courtney, 102
    Williamsburg, U.S.S., 61, 62
    Willoughby, Charles A., 106s
    World War II, 64, 66, 116

    Yalu River, 103

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