Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Oral History Interviews with
Oscar R. Ewing

  Oscar R. Ewing
Attorney, Hughes, Hubbard & Ewing, New York, New York, and predecessor firms, 1919-1947; Assistant Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, 1940-42; Vice Chairman, 1942-47; Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General, 1942 and again in 1947; Acting Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, 1946; Administrator of the Federal Security Agency, 1947-53; and organizer and member of an unofficial political policy group during the Truman administration, 1947-52.

[Notices and Restrictions | List of Subjects Discussed]


NOTICE
These are transcripts of tape-recorded interviews conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of each transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that these are essentially transcripts of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview

See also: Oscar R. Ewing Papers

RESTRICTIONS
These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.


List of Subjects Discussed

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    A
    Acheson, Dean, 134, 355
    Africa, 134
    Aging, Conference on, 230-231
    Agriculture, Department of, 199
    Akron, Ohio, 122
    Alaska, 246
    Albany County, New York, 346, 353
    Albany, New York, 351
    Alcoa (Aluminum Company of America), 86-90, 115, 142, 239-240
    Alexander, Paul, 24
    Allen, George E., 164-165
    Allenby, Edmund Henry, 276, 277
    Altmeyer, Arthur, 174, 176, 187, 208, 209, 220-221
    Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa), 86-90, 115, 142, 239-240
    Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America , 194
    American Broadcasting Corporation, 343
    American Civil Liberties League, 32
    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL CIO), 191
    American Legion, 74
    American Medical Association (AMA), 173, 181, 184, 189, 192 , 197, 213, 217, 223, 251

      attempts to raise money, 177-178
      National Health Insurance, opposition to, 213-214, 223
      Whitaker and Baxter, as public relations representatives; for, 225
    American Patients Association, 193, 194
    Anderson, Albert, 35-37
    "Annals of North Carolina", 4
    Anslinger, Harry, 61, 63, 66, 71, 72-73
    Arkansas, 214
    Arvey Jacob M., 226, 267, 330
    Asheville, North Carolina, 93
    Austin, Warren, 274, 275, 295
    Austria, 154

    B
    Baldwin, Roger, 32
    Balfour Declaration, 275
    Bangkok Conference, 68-73
    Bangkok, Thailand, 68-69
    Barkee, David Rankin, 244
    Barkley, Alben, 168, 317, 319-320
    Barnes, Vera, 101
    Baruch, Bernard, 324

      Truman, Harry S., relationship with, 313-315
    Bath County, Kentucky, 3, 5, 6
    Batt, William, Jr., 271-272, 273
    Bell, David, 163, 306
    Benson, Ezra Taft, 99
    Benton, Elmer, 98
    Berlin, Germany, 154
    Bernadotte plan, 282, 283, 285, 286
    Best, Robert, 152-153
    Beta Theta Pi, 8
    Biddle, Francis, 87, 93, 116, 149-150, 151, 152, 345
    Biffle, Leslie, 168, 319-320
    Biloxi, Mississippi, 340-341
    Biltmore Hotel (NYC), 68, 84, 85, 91, 285-286, 287
    Birkhead, Kenny, 272
    Bismark, Otto Eduard Leopold Von, 175
    Black Hills in South Dakota, 42
    Blue Cross, 214
    Blue Cross and Blue Shield, 215
    Blue Sky Law, (North Carolina), 93
    Bolsheviks, 38
    Bombay, India, 356
    Boone, Daniel, 4
    Boone, Squire, 4
    Boston, Massachusetts, 157, 158, 209
    Boyle, Bill (William), 165-166
    Brannan, Charles, 127, 132, 269
    Bray, William J., 312
    Brewster, Owen, 22
    Brightman, Sam, 312
    British Health Service, 222-223, 248, 338
    Bronx, New York, 346
    Brooks Brothers, 12
    Brookville, Indiana, 6
    Brown Shirts, 93
    Bruce, Herbert, 123, 124
    Bryan, William Jennings, 17
    Budget, Bureau of, 232, 233
    Bunche, Ralph, 282, 290
    Bundy, Harvey, 70, 72
    Bundy, McGeorge, 70
    Bundy, William, 70
    Bureau of the Budget, 232, 233
    Bureau of Employment Security, 258
    Burgoyne, John, 4
    Burroughs, Danny, 123
    Byrnes, James F., 103, 111-112

    C
    Caldwell, John C., 61, 62, 65, 66

      Bangkok Conference, efforts to stop his influence at, 68-73
    California Medical Association, 179
    Cambridge, Massachusetts, 11, 13
    Camden, South Carolina, 4
    Canada, 43
    Canandaigua, New York, 370
    Cancer Institute, 202
    Capehart, Homer, 352
    Carlton Hotel (Washington, D.C.), 142, 143
    Carter, J. Franklin, 311
    Castle, William, 71, 72
    Cecil County, Maryland, 1, 2
    Celanese Corporation, 365
    .Chandler, Douglas, 148, 167, 345
      background of, 154
      prosecuted for treason, 148-162
    Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 368-369, 370
    Chapman, Oscar, 164, 270-271, 316
    Charleston, South Carolina, 4
    Chester County, Pennsylvania, 3
    Chicago, Illinois, 110, 122, 266
    Child and Maternal Welfare Section of the Federal Security Agency, 341
    "Children's Act of 1949", 232
    Children's Bureau, 243-244
    China, 67 Choate Club, 12
    Cincinnati, Ohio, 5, 6
    Civil Rights, 274, 309, 321 Civil Rights Commission, 132, 321
    Civil Rights Plank, in the Democratic convention platform of 1948, 303-304
    Clapper, Ray(mond), 76
    Clark, Ramsey, 116
    Clark, Tom, 116, 147-148, 151, 164
    Clifford, Clark, 119, 127, 140, 141, 143-144, 305, 306, 310, 313, 316, 351
      Ewing, Oscar, attends meetings at the apartment of, 129, 131, 132
      Israel, problems involved with, 283, 285-295
    Cohen, Wilbur, 187, 220, 337, 354
    Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 42
    Committee for the Nation's Health, 175, 217
    Confederate Army, 18
    Congress, 269, 326
      Eightieth, recall of, 313
    Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), 191
    Congressional election of 1946, 119, 120
    Congressional Record, 23
    Connelly, Matthew, 119, 129-130, 330, 331, 332, 339, 348
    Connorton, John, 216-217
    Comptroller General of the United States, 356
    Cornell University, 46
    Corning, Erastus, 351, 353
    Cotton, Joseph P., 61
    Cowpens, South Carolina, 5
    Coy, Wayne, 74, 80, 90
    Cravath and Henderson, 34
    Cruikshank, Nelson, 191, 221, 222
    Current Biography, 256
    Custer, George, 42, 43

    D
    Daniels, Jonathan, 311
    Daughters of the American Revolution, 214
    Davidson, C. Girard, 127
    Davies, Joseph E., 350
    Davis, Arthur V., 88, 91
    Davis, Michael, 219
    Dead Sea, 281
    Decatur County, Indiana, 3, 5, 6, 13-14
    Deleveyne, Malcolm, 59, 62
    Delhi, India, 355
    Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, 99, 102
    Democratic National Committee, 91, 92, 95, 97-98, 115, 117, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 128, 145, 165, 167, 266,

    Democratic National Convention, 1904, 18
    Democratic National Convention, 1944, 102
      Mississippi delegation, 105
      South Carolina delegation, 104
      Truman, Harry S.; Attempts to nominate him for Vice President, 105-107
      Vice President, contenders for the nomination at, 104, 105-107, 108-113
    Democratic National Convention, 1948, 302-304 Democratic Convention, 1952, 352-353
    Democratic Political Strategy Board, 268, 271
    Dennis, Helen E., 29
    Dennis, Jim, (James), 12
    Dental Institute, 202
    Depew, Chauncey, 55
    Des Moines, Iowa, 234
    Detroit, Michigan, 122, 124
    Dewey, Thomas E., 77, 273, 274, 326, 328, 347
    Dexter, Iowa, 268
    Dingell, John, 196
    Disalle, Mike, 23
    Dixiecrats, 327
    "Dr. Fishbein’s Diary", 221, 222
    Douglas, David, 5
    Douglas, William O., 103, 110, 317, 318-319
    Dubinsky, David, 212
    Duke UniversityHospital, 200
    Durham County, North Carolina, 367

    E
    Early, Stephen, 117, 118, 121-122
    Education, Office of , 245

      library of, attempts to move the, 233-234
    Edelman, John, 192
    Edwards, India, 334-335
    Elder, Bowman, 75
    Egypt, 281, 339
    Eightieth Congress, 269, 313, 326
    Eisenhower, Dwight D., 81, 358
      Truman, Harry S., relationship, 300-301
    Elliott, Martha, 244
    Elsey, George M., 163, 305
    Employment Security, Bureau of, 258
    Epstein, William, 290
    "Equal Chance for Health", 211
    Equitable Building (NYC), 64
    Ewing, Andrew Jackson, 373
    Ewing, George M, 1, 370
    Ewing, James, 10
    Ewing, Jane McClellan, 2, 3
    Ewing, Joshua, 1-2
    Ewing, Lydia Morgan, 3, 4, 5
    Ewing, Nathaniel, 2
    Ewing, Patrick, 2, 3, 5
    Ewing, Putnam, 2, 3
    Ewing, William, 1
    Ewing, Oscar, 182, 239, 240
      Aluminum Company of America, does the legal work for, 86-90, 91
      Army, joins, 29-30, 32-33
      background of, 1-7
      Bangkok Conference, stops the influence of John C. Caldwell at, 63-73
      Bryan, William Jennings, gives speech for, 17
      Caldwell, John C., stops his influence at the Bangkok Conference, 68-73
      Chandler, Douglas, prosecuted for treason, 148-162
      Democratic County Committee in Decatur County, elected secretary of, 18-19
      Democratic National Committee, as Vice Chairman of: Dennis, Helen E., marries, 29
        family background of, 1-7
      Federal Security Administrator, 23, 25, 27, 118, 145-146, 147-148, 167, 168, 172
      fluoridation of water, a discussion of the opposition to, 237-243
      Flynn, Ed, failure to support for Governor of New York , 345-348
      Harvard Law School, attends, 10-15, 20, 22, 27
      Hillman, Sidney, awarded the meritorious public service award named in honor of, 360
      Hughes, Charles Evans, Sr., relationship with, 51-54
      Hughes, Schurman and Dwight, cases handled as a lawyer for:
        a discussion of , 35-45
        Kruger, Ivan case, 37-41
        Sioux Indians vs. the U. S. Government , 41-45
      Indiana Bar, admitted to, 13
      Indiana University, attends, 8-9, 10, 11, 20-21
      Israel:
        a discussion of the problems involved in the recognition of, 274-300
        visits, 338-339
      Kruger, Ivan, handles law case for, 37-41
      Law School, attends Harvard, 10-15, 20, 22, 27
      McNutt, Paul, supports as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President, 74-77, 78-79
      Meetings held at the apartment of, 131, 135-137, 139-140, 142-143, 163-164 Minnesota,negotiating political divisions in, 98-103
      Murray, Philip, receives award in honor of, 360
      naming of, (nickname "Jack"), 372-373
      narcotics conference in Geneva, Switzerland, efforts to achieve international controls at, 57-66
      national health insurance, a discussion of, 173-198
      National Urban League, speech to, 309
      New York: Pelley, William Dudley, prosecution for Sedition, 93-98
      philosophy, as a student of, 9-10
      Pittsburg, moved to, 29
      Presidential campaign, 1944, activities during, 114
      Presidential campaign, 1948, serves on committee to nominate individuals for the office of Vice President, Presidential campaign, 1952, suggested for nomination in, 349-352
      probation officer of the Juvenile Court, does voluntary work for in Indianapolis, 30-32
      prosecuting attorney, asked to be, 14, 19
      research triangle, discusses the origins of, 364-369
      St. Louis, Missouri, moves to, 29
      Studebaker, John W. made charges against, 236-237
      Taft, Robert, relationship with , 22-26, 27
      Thayer, Ezra Ripley, relationship, 13, 14-16
      trips abroad, 337-338, 354-356
      Truman, Harry S.:
        cabinet meetings of, attends, 356-368
        convinced of the re election of , 333-334
        efforts to stop opposition to, by Democrats during the 1948 Presidential election, 266-268
        letter to, 358-360
      University of Iowa Law School, teaches at, 27
      Whitcomb, Dowden, and Stout, clerks for, 28
    Ewing, Mrs. Oscar (Helen), 52, 68, 91, 118, 135, 199-200, 201, 338, 369, 370
    Executive Order 9980, 321-323
    Executive Order 9981, 321-323

    F
    Farley, James, 82, 83
    Falk, Isadore, 183, 220
    Farmer's issues in the 1948 election, 269-270
    Federal Aid to Education, 243
    Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 96, 151
    Federal Fair Employment Committee, 321-323
    Federa1 Food and Drug Administration, 199, 233
    Federal Security Administrator, 23, 25, 27, 118, 132, 145-146, 147-148, 161, 167, 168, 172, 179, 192, 194, 229,

    Federal Security Agency, 128, 129, 142, 147, 167, 168, 177, 183, 196, 198, 229, 232, 234, 244, 246, 250, 280, Finance Committee of the Senate, 361
    First International Opium Conference at The Hague, 1911, 67
    Fishbein, Morris, 185, 189, 191, 221, 222-223
    Florida, 120, 339
    Fluoridation of water, opposition to, 237-243
    Flynn, Ed, 82, 83-84, 92, 98, 121-122, 145, 331
      Ewing, Oscar, fails to support for Governor of New York, 345-348
    Food and Drug Administration, 199, 233
    Forand, Aimee, 193, 195, 196, 224
    Foreign Ministers Conference in Paris, (Oct. 1948), 283
    Forrestal, James, 133, 134, 135, 357
    The Forrestal Diaries, 357
    France, 58
    Freedman's Hospital, 251
    Freeman, Orville, 100

    G
    Gallinger Hospital, Negro doctors at, 250-257
    Gallup poll, 334
    Garrison, Lloyd, 340
    Gates, Horatio, 4
    Geneva, Switzerland, 244

      Narcotics Control Conference held in, 57-66, 67, 71
    George VI, 248
    George Washington University Medical School, 252
    Georgetown University Medical School, 252, 253-254
    Georgia, 350
    Germany, 46, 55, 58, 156, 158, 160, 175
    Goebbels, Josef, 155, 160
    Gorman, 180-181, 182-183, 230
    Graham, Wallace, 208, 210
    Grand Central Station, 124
    Great Britain 48, 69, 71, 72, 86, 87, 276, 278-279, 297 Great Sioux Reservation, 42
    Green, Constance, 256-257
    Greene, Nathaniel, 5
    Greensburg, Indiana, 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 18, 19, 33, 34, 262
    Gross, H. R., 354, 356

    H
    The Hague, 67
    Hague, Frank, 114, 266, 267, 268
    Hannegan, Robert E., 103, 104, 105, 107, 120, 145, 148, 164, 167

      Democratic National Convention, 1944, involvement at, 108-111
    Harlem, New York, 122, 123, 127, 137
    Harper, Fowler, 74-75
    Harriman, Averell, 350
    Harvard, 10-15, 20, 22, 27, 69, 70, 371
    Harvard Law Review, 22, 69, 70
    Hassett, William, 210
    Health Conference, 179
    Health, Education arid Security, Department of, proposed, 173
    Health, Education, and Welfare Department, 209
    Health Information Foundation, 186
    Health Institute, 202
    Hearst newspaper chain, 71, 72, 86
    Hearst, William Randolph, Jr., 217, 218-219, 220-221, 264
    Henderson, Loy, 296
    Hercules Corporation, 365, 367
    Hill Burton Hospital Construction Act, 197-198, 216
    Hilleboe, Herman E., 242
    Hillman, Sidney, 110, 111, 212, 240
    Hitler, 93, 94, 155, 175
    Hoeber, Johannes, 272
    Hobby, Oveta Culp, 192, 358
    Hoover, Herbert, 62, 71, 72
    Hopkins, Harry, 80, 88, 89, 90
    House Appropriations Committee, 214
    House Banking Committee, 83
    House Ways and Means Committee, 361
    Howard University, efforts to train more Negro doctors, 250-257
    Hughes, Charles Evans, Sr., 34, 35-37, 44, 46, 87, 171
      Ewing, Oscar, relationship, 51-54
        raconteur, as a, 54
    Hughes, Charles Evans, Jr., 22, 26
    Hughes, Hubbard and Ewing, 26, 87, 118, 239
    Hughes, Rounds, Schurman and Dwight, 52
    Hughes, Shurman; and Dwight, 34-35, 46
    Humphrey, Hubert, 100, 269-270, 303, 304

    I
    Ickes, Harold, 87, 235
    Immigration, Commissioner of, 146
    Inchon, Korea, 342
    Independence, Missouri, 361
    India, 278
    Indian Affairs, Commissioner of, 42
    Indian Claims Commission, 45-46
    Indiana, 95-101

    Indiana University, 8-9, 10, 11, 20-21
    Indianapolis, Indiana, 28, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 74, 93, 94, 96, 149
    Indianapolis News, 260, 261
    Indianapolis Star, 260, 261
    Interior Department, 44, 199, 234, 235
    Internal Revenue, Bureau of, 241
    International Business Machines, 365, 366
    International Opium Conference, of.1911, 67
    International Refugee Organization, 264
    Iowa, 354
    Israel, 328, 338
      recognition of the problems involved in, 274-300
    Istanbul, Turkey, 358
    Italy, 58, 134-135

    J
    Jackson, Andrew, 17
    Jackson, Clarence, 74
    Jackson, Samuel, 112
    Japan, 58, 64, 65
    Jenner, William, 261, 262
    Jersey City, New Jersey, 117
    Jewett, Charles, 28
    Jewish Agency for Palestine, 280, 299
    Jewish vote in the 1948 Presidential election, 328
    Johnson, Louis, 323-324
    Johnson, Lyndon, 116, 361, 364, 372
    Johnson, Mordecai, 251, 257
    Jordan, 277
    Justice, Department of, 94, 96, 155, 214

    K
    Kaiser, Henry, 103
    Keene, New Hampshire, 369
    Kefauver, Estes, 350
    Kelm, Elmer, 99, 100
    Kem, Jim, 22
    Kempner, Walker, 200-203
    Kennedy, John F., 363
    Kerr, Robert, 196, 197, 350, 351
    Keyserling, Leon, 127
    Kheel, Theodore, 346
    Kingsley, J. Donald, 119, 127-129, 130, 180, 245, 264, 336
    Kingsley letter, 127-128
    Kingston, New York, 238, 240, 242
    Kirchwey, Freda, 283, 288, 292
    Klots, Allen, 69-70, 72
    Korean War, 341-344
    Krock, Arthur, 140
    Kruger, Ivar, 37-41, 47, 51
    Kruger and Toll, 38

    L
    Labor, Department of, 209, 258
    Ladies Home Journal, 11
    La Guardia, Fiorello, 124-125, 126
    Landon, Alf, 77
    Lasker, Albert, 227, 276, 293
    Lasker, Mary, 227, 228-229, 230
    Laski, Harold J., 240
    Lawrence, Dave, 113
    Lawrence, William (Bill), 343
    League of Nations, 59, 275, 279
    Lebanon, 277
    Lenroot, Katherine, 244
    Lewis, John L., 35, 36
    Lindbergh, Charles, 97
    Little Big Horn River, 43
    Lloyd, David, 163, 305
    London, England, 71
    London Health Conference 1948, 248
    Londonderry, Ireland, 1
    Los Angeles, California, 181
    Lovett, Robert A., 288, 291
    Lowenthal, Max, 276, 297
    Lynch, Walter, 346, 347

    M
    Mac Arthur, Douglas and the Korean War, 342-344
    McCarthy, Joseph, 236
    McClellan, George B., 2, 3
    McClellan) Jane, 2
    McCormick, John, 138
    McDonald., James G., 338
    McGrath, J. Howard, 245-246, 266, 267, 271, 315, 316, 329
    McHale, Frank, 74, 75
    McIntire, Ross, 117, 118
    McNutt, Paul, 21, 82, 146, 246-247, 371

      Federal Security Administrator, as, 79-80
      Philippines:
        Ambassador to, Appointed, 81
        High Commissioner of, Appointed, 80
      President, as a candidate for the Democratic nomination, 74-77, 78-79
    Madison Square Garden, 117, 285, 287
    Magnuson Committee, 230
    Magnuson, Paul, 227, 229, 230
    Maine, 333-334
    Mallinckrodt Chemical Works of St. Louis, 57
    Manchuria, 342
    Marseilles, France, 71
    Marshall, George, 280, 295, 296
      Israel, involvement in the recognition of, 283-299
    Martin, Joe, 78
    Meany, George, 213
    Medical Society of Muncie, Indiana, 248
    Medicare, 193, 194, 196, 224, 361
    Meir, Golda, 338
    Memorandum of November 19, 1947, 140-142
    Merck and Company, Inc, 57
    Michelson, Charlie, 85-86, 122
    Miller, A. L., 239, 240
    Miller, Watson, 146-147, 149
    Minnesota, political division in, 98-101, 102-103
    Mississippi, 340
      Democratic National Convention, the Delegation to, 105
    Missouri, 92, 169
    Morgan, Daniel, 4-5
    Morgan, David, 3
    Morgan, Edward, 3
    Morgan, Lydia, 3, 45
    Morgan, Sarah, 4
    Morristown, New Jersey, 12, 29
    Morse, David, 127
    Muncie, Indiana, 248
    Murphy, Charles, 140, 306
    Murray, Philip, 196, 213, 360

    N
    Narcotics Control Convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, 57-66, 67, 71
    The Nation, 283
    National City Bank, 39
    National Health Assembly, 188-190, 197, 198, 227
    report of, 210-212
    National Health Insurance, 211, 229, 232, 233, 345-346, 350, 352, 363

    National Institute of Health, 200
    National Military Establishment, 357
    National Physicians Committee, 184-186, 224-225
    National Press Club, 339
    National Public Health Nursing Week, 210
    National Urban League, 308-309
    Nations Health, Committee for, 175, 217
    Negev, Israel, 280, 281, 290
    Negro doctors, shortages of, 250-258
    Negro vote, 304
    Newburgh, New York, 238, 240, 242
    New Jersey, 266
    New York, 12, 33, 34, 64, 75, 84, 85, 87, 115, 117, 119, 120, 122, 124, 134, 135, 142, 241, 248, 285, 289, New York City Municipal Hospitals, 216-217
    New York Institute of Clinical Oral Pathology, 242
    New York Quinine and Chemical Company, 57
    New York Times, 309, 343
    Niles, David, 124-125, 276, 297
    Noblesville, Indiana, 93, 96
    Non-political trip of June 1948, 268-269
    North Carolina, 93, 363, 365, 366-367
    North Carolina State University at Raleigh, 365
    Norris-La Guardia Committee, 124
    Nouveau Circ Club, 47
    Noyes, David, 165, 311-312

    O
    O'Brien, Lawrence F., 364
    O' Connell, Dan, 346, 351
    Ohio River, 6
    Oklahoma, 180, 197, 350
    Opium Control Board, 60, 62
    Orange County, North Carolina, 367
    Oxford, Ohio, 8

    P
    Pakistan, 278
    Palestine, problems involved in the recognition of the State of Israel, 274-300
    Palmer House, Chicago, IL, 111
    Paris, France, 47, 156, 282, 288
    Parker, Alton B., 18
    Parran, Thomas, 198, 199, 200-203, 204, 205, 209, 210, 231
    Pauley, Edwin W., 104, 106, 107, 323-324, 348

      Truman, relationship, 106
    Pearson, Drew, 240
    Pelley, William Dudley, 149, 150, 162, 345
      prosecuted for sedition, 93-98
    Pennsylvania Lines West, 29
    Pennsylvania Station, 120
    Pershing, John J., 55-56
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 3, 122
    Philippines, 80, 246
    Phillips, Cabell, 17, 140, 300
    Pink, Louis, 215, 220
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 29, 88, 113, 122, 154, 204
    Poletti, Charley, 135
    Policy Strategy Board, 273, 274, 305
    Porter, Cole, 371, 372
    Portugal, 69
    Postmaster General of the United States, 115, 145
    Potofsky, Jacob, 194
    Potomac River, 156, 157
    Powder River, 43
    Presidential campaign, 1944, 114
    Presidential campaign, 1948:
      Democratic National Committee, 271-273
      Jewish vote, 328
      press and, 325-326
      Truman, Harry S.:
        campaigner, as a, 304-305
        Chapman, Oscar, as advance man for, 270-271
        Democratic opposition, efforts to stop, 266-268
        non-political trip of, June 1948, 268-269
        Vice President, committee formed to nominate individuals for the office of, 316-319
        voting, the impact of special interest groups, 320-321
    Presidential Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1949, 258
    President's Commission on the Health needs of the Nation, Creation of, 227-230
    President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, 322-323
    Press, 325-326
    Prudential Insurance Company, 28
    Public Health Agency, 177
    Public Health Service, 198, 199, 200-202, 206, 228, 231, 238, 364, 365
    Pulliam, Eugene, newspaper chain of, 260, 261, 262

    R
    Radio Berlin, 154, 155, 160
    Radio East, 155
    Radio North America, 155
    Radio Southeast, 155
    Raleigh, North Carolina, 367
    Randall Hall, 11
    Rayburn, Sam, 138
    Redding, Jack, 330
    Reed, Daniel A., 248, 249
    Rehovoth, Israel, 338
    Requa, Mark, 71, 72
    Research division of the Democratic National Committee, 271-273
    Research Triangle, 364-369
    Resolutions Committee of Democratic National Convention, 1948, 302, 303-304
    Rhode Island, 266
    Richards, A. L., 44
    Richmond, Virginia, 309
    Ridgway, Matthew, 344
    Riverdale Country School, 363
    Riverdale, New York, 363
    Robins, R.B., 197, 214, 215
    Rockefellar, Nelson, 196
    Rochester, New York, 346
    Rome, Italy, 96, 338
    Roosevelt, Eleanor, 117, 174-175, 176, 235, 266, 357
    Roosevelt, Franklin, 73, 74, 79, 81, 82, 88, 89, 93, 99, 102, 119, 120, 121-122, 124, 127, 137, 145, 187, 199,

        death of, 171-172
        Democratic National Convention, the contenders for the Vice Presidential nomination, 109-112
        health of, 116-118
        National Health Insurance, and, 173-175
    Roosevelt, Franklin, Jr., 266
    Roosevelt, James, 176, 266
    Roosevelt, Kermit, 56
    Roosevelt, Quentin, 56
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 55-56
    Root, Elihu, 55, 56
    Rosenman, Samuel, 297, 310, 313, 362
    Ross, Irwin, 140
    Ross, Jeanette, 7
    Royall, Kenneth, 133-134, 300, 301
    Rusk, Dean, 296
    Russell, Richard, 350

    S
    Saint Louis, Missouri, 18, 29, 30, 32, 57
    Saint Petersburg, Russia, 38, 39
    San Diego, California, 109, 237
    San Francisco, California1, 179, 369
    Saratoga, New York, 4
    Saturday Evening Post, 11
    Saudi Arabia, 277
    Savarin Lunch Counter, 64
    Sawyer, Charles, 166
    Scarsdale, New York, 290
    Scheele, Leonard, 198, 203-204, 264-265

      Public Health Service under the direction of, 208
    Schurman, George W., 46
    Schurman, Jacob Gould, 46
    The Secret City, Civil Rights in the Nation's Capitol, 256
    Senate Finance Committee, 23, 25, 361
    Senior Citizen's Council of America, 192, 195, 224, 372
    Shainmark, E. L., 263-264
    Sharrett, Moshe S., 338
    Sheffield, James, 55
    Sherman, Carl, 291
    Shultz, Lillie, 283, 285, 286, 288, 290-291, 292
    Sicily, 134
    Silver Shirts, 93, 97
    Sioux Indians, case against the U.S. Government, 41-45
    Sitting Bull, 43
    Sixty-five and over plan (National Health Insurance), 215, 216, 220-221, 225, 226
    Smith, Alexander, 221
    Snyder, John, 164, 166, 310
    Social Security, 173-174, 196
    Social Security Act of 1950, 249-250
    Social Security Administration, 174, 199, 208, 209, 259
    Socialized Medicine, origin of the term, 181-182
    Southeast Asia, 355
    Stark, Lloyd, 92, 105, 107
    State Department, 61, 71, 276, 279, 288, 296, 355
    Steelman, John R., 139, 148, 149, 328
    Stevens, Harold, 22
    Stevens Hotel, 105
    Stevenson, Adlai, 2, 137, 349, 351, 353, 362
    Stimson, Henry L., 69, 70, 72
    Stirling Castle, Scotland, 1
    Stone, Harlan Fiske, 170-171
    Strategy Policy Board, 273, 274, 305
    Studebaker, John W., 233, 244, 245
      attempts to fire, 234-236
      Ewing, Oscar, makes charges against, 236-237
    Suez Canal, 71
    Sullivan, Gael, 329
    Sullivan, John, 133
    Supreme Court of the United States, 116, 318
    Sweden, 281
    Swedish Health Service, 338
    Switzerland, 338
    Symington, Stuart, 133
    Syria, 277

    T
    Taft-Hartley Act, 138-139, 143, 320
    Taft, Robert, 77

      Ewing, Oscar, relationship with , 22-26, 27
    Taft, William H., 28, 67
    Tarleton, Banastre, 5
    Tennessee, 350
    Texas, 164
    Thayer, Ezra Ripley, 13, 14-16
      loan fund set up in honor of, 16
    Thayer, Mrs. Ezra Ripley, 15-16
    Thurmond, Strom, 327
    Thurston, John, 336
    Tibbitts, Clark, 230, 231
    Tokyo, Japan, 355
    "Town Meeting of the Air", 221, 223
    Trans-Jordan, 281
    Treasury Department, 199
    Truman, Harry S., 22, 81, 91-92, 115, 131-132, 137, 138, 142, 144, 146, 147, 179, 182, 186, 187, 192-193,
        advisors to, 164-168
        Baruch, Bernard, relationship, 313-315
        cabinet meetings of, 356-357
        Chapman, Oscar, as advance man for, 270-271
        civil rights, and, 132-133, 303-304
        Democratic Convention, 1944, Vice Presidential nomination: Eightieth Congress, recall of, 313
        Eisenhower, Dwight D., relationship with, 300-301
        Ewing, Oscar:
          letter from, 358-360
          Presidential election, 1948:
            convinced of the re-election of, 333-334
            efforts to stop opposition to, from Democrats, 266-268
        Federal Security Administration, desire to make it a Government department, 172-173
        health care of the nation, concerns for, 225-226, 227, 228, 229
        initial public reaction to, 119-120
        Israel, problems involved in the recognition of , 276-299
        Jewish vote, and, 329-330
        Korean War, and, 341, 342-344
        Pauley, Edwin W., relationship, 106
        political friends of, 169-170
        President, first becomes at the death of Franklin Roosevelt, 172
        Presidential election campaign, 1948:
          campaigner, as a, 304-305
          Chapman, Oscar, as advance man for, 270-271
          Non-political trip of June 1948, 268-269
        Presidential election 1952, decision not to run, 353-354
        speechwriting for, 305-308, 309
        Vinson, Frederick M., appointed to the Supreme Court, 171
    Truman, Mrs. Harry S. (Bess), 362
    Truman Committee, 91, 105
    The Truman Presidency, 300
    Tunnell, James M., 105-106
    Turkey, 275
    Twenty-second Amendment, 80-81

    U
    Unemployment Insurance, Office of, 209
    Union League Club, 55
    Union of Soviet Social Republics, 240
    Unitarian Fellowship for Social Justice, 257
    United Mine Workers, 35, 36
    United States Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, 22
    United States Employment Service, 258
    United States Government, law case against the Sioux Indians, 41-45
    Universal Military Training, 357
    University Club (NYC), 75-76
    University of Iowa, Law School, 27
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 365
    University of Pittsburgh, 205
    United Nations, 276, 278, 279, 280, 281, 295, 300
    United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, 135

    V
    Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 2
    Vaughan, Harry, 170
    Vinson, Frederick M., 164, 171, 316
    Vice President, 1944, contenders for the nomination, 108-113
    Vice President, 1948, committee formed to select the Democratic nominee, 317-319

    W
    Wagner-Murray-Dingell Bill, 186-188
    Wake County, North Carolina, 367
    Walker, Frank, 99
    Wallace, Henry, 79, 103, 106, 327, 329

      Democratic nomination for Vice President, 1944, considered for the nomination, 109-112
    War Production Board, 240
    Wardman Park Hotel (Washington, D.C.), 282-285
    Warren, Earl, 178, 181
    Washington, D.C., 61, 62, 63, 90, 91, 118, 120, 142, 143, 151, 156, 157, 158, 165, 250, 252, 256, 261, 288, Washington Square (New York City), 117
    Ways and Means Committee of the House, 361
    Weizmann, Chaim, 295, 338-339
    Welfare records, inspection of, 258-261, 262-263
    West Galilee, 280
    Western College, 7
    Westmoreland Field (Boston, Massachusetts), 157
    Whitcomb, Dowden, and Stout, 28, 34
    White House, 282, 285, 352
    White and Case, 34
    Whitaker and Baxter, 179, 181, 213, 214, 224
    Whitaker, Clem, 179, 181
    William the Conqueror, 277
    Willkie, Wendell, 21, 74, 76-78
    Wilson, I.W., 88
    Wilson, Woodrow, 35, 55, 275
    World Health Organization, 244
    World War I , 275, 277
    World War II, 278
    World's Fair at St. Louis, 18
    Wright, Fielding, 340-341
    Wright, Dr. Hamilton, 67
    Wright, Mrs. Hamilton, 67, 68-69
    Wyle, Carl, 28
    Wyle, Jewett, and Ewing, 28

    Y
    Yale, 20
    Yale Law School, 28
    Yalta, 117, 118
    Yalu River, 342
    Young, Sanborn, 61-62, 71

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