Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Truman receiving Israeli gift of silver ark to hold Scrolls of Law
Truman receiving a silver ark to hold the Scrolls of Law presented to him earlier in 1948. Presented by Ambassador Eliahu Elath of Israel.

JEWISH REFUGEES,
THE RECOGNITION
OF ISRAEL,
AND
U.S.-ISRAELI RELATIONS

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS AT THE LIBRARY

Prepared by Randy Sowell and Dennis Bilger, August 1997
Updated by Carol Martin, 2005

[ Truman Papers | Other Personal Papers | Oral Histories]

The Truman Library has approximately 30,000 pages of material documenting the events that led to the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 and the early history of Israel's relationship with the United States. In addition to the holdings listed below, smaller amounts of relevant information can be found in other collections of personal papers and oral history interviews held by the library.


HARRY S. TRUMAN PAPERS

PAPERS AS U.S. SENATOR AND VICE PRESIDENT -- Approximately 275 pages. Includes material on Zionist organizations, Truman's efforts to assist individual Jews who were seeking to immigrate to the U.S. from Nazi Germany in the 1930s,
and a draft of his 1943 speech in behalf of the victimized Jews of Europe.

PRESIDENT'S SECRETARY'S FILES -- Approximately 1000 pages. The most important material is in the Subject File (Foreign Affairs-Palestine and Foreign
Affairs-Israel). The PSF Includes correspondence between President Truman and Israeli Presidents Chaim Weizman, and newly discovered information from Truman's diary.

WHITE HOUSE CENTRAL FILES -- Approximately 7900 pages. The largest
relevant file is Official File (OF) 204, relating to U.S. policy on the Palestine issue, 1945-1948, and U.S. relations with Israel, 1948-1953. OF 204 contains approximately 5200 pages of material. Information on this topic can also be found in
the President's Personal File (PPF), the General File (GF), and the Confidential File (CF).

Israeli President Chaim Weizmann at a constuction site.

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL FILES -- Approximately 20 pages. Contains a file on Israel in the subject series.

POST-PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS -- Approximately 1000 pages. Includes information on the recognition of Israel compiled for Truman's Memoirs, and correspondence with Israeli leaders and Jewish groups, 1953-1972.

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OTHER PERSONAL PAPERS

DEAN ACHESON PAPERS -- Approximately 500 pages. Includes memoranda of conversations concerning U.S.-Israeli relations during Acheson's tenure as Secretary of State,1949-1953.

JACOB M. ARVEY PAPERS -- Approximately 20 pages. Includes corresondence between Arvey and the office of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion documenting the success of Truman and Ben-Gurion's 1961 meeting and correspondence from Arvey to Truman relating to events sponsored by Jewish organizations.

BERNARD BERNSTEIN PAPERS -- Approximately 10,000 pages. Includes information on Bernstein's postwar career as an attorney involved in assisting Jewish organizations in their efforts to obtain just retribution and compensation for Nazi atrocities and his interest in the Morgenthau Plan and the future of German industry.

CLARK CLIFFORD PAPERS -- Approximately 1600 pages. Includes documentation of Clifford's involvement in the Palestine issue and the role he played in advocating the recognition of Israel, as special counsel to the President in 1948.

DANIEL L. GOLDY PAPERS -- Approximately 20 pages. Includes publications and fact sheets on Israel and other areas of the Middle East.

A.J. GRANOFF PAPERS -- Approximately 1500 pages. Includes documentation of efforts of Granoff and Eddie Jacobson to promote Jewish interests in Palestine and eventual U.S. diplomatic recognition of the new state of Israel in 1948. Also, Granoff's involvement with the Jewish community of Kansas City, his association with B'nai B'rith and other Jewish organizations, his support for U.S. aid to Israel, and his efforts to memorialize Eddie Jacobson's contributions to the Jewish people are also documented in this series.

EDWARD JACOBSON PAPERS -- Approximately 2000 pages. A close friend and ex-business partner of President Truman, Jacobson used his influence with the President to advocate U.S. support for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine. His papers include correspondence between Jacobson and Truman relating to the recognition of Israel.

HERSCHEL V. JOHNSON PAPERS -- Approximately 1500 pages. Contains material on debates in the United Nations over the status of Palestine during the 1946-1948 period, when Johnson was serving as deputy U.S. representative to the U.N. Security Council.

CHARLES F. KNOX, JR. PAPERS -- Approximately 100 pages. Documents Knox's assignment to establish a U.S. diplomatic mission in Israel and his service there from July 1948 to March 1949. The collection consists largely of letters that Knox wrote to his sister Jesse with a small amount of correspondence with State Department officials describing the situation in Israel.

EARL McGRATH PAPERS -- Approximately10 pages. Includes an address on education in Israel given to the National Convention of the National Committee for Labor Israel, at Hunter College on November 25, 1950.

DAVID K. NILES PAPERS -- Approximately 4000 pages. Niles was an administrative assistant to President Truman with responsibility for Jewish and minority affairs. His papers include material on the Palestine controversy and the recognition of Israel.

Truman with Israeli President Ben-Gurion and Abba Eban, Ambassador of Israel
HARRY ROSENFIELD PAPERS -- Approximately 500 pages. Contains material documenting Rosenfield's service as a member of the Displaced Persons Commission from 1948 to 1952.

RECORDS OF THE WEIZMANN ARCHIVES -- Approximately 200 pages. Photocopies of documents from the archives in Rehovoth, Israel, relating to the Palestine issue and U.S-Israeli relations.

JOEL D. WOLFSOHN PAPERS -- Approximately 8000 pages. Contains documentation of Wolfsohn's work with the American Jewish Committee, 1947-1950.

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ORAL HISTORIES

J. WESLEY ADAMS. Second Secretary, U.S. Embassy in Cairo, Egypt, 1950-52. Approximately 10 pages.

STANLEY ANDREWS. Administrator, Technical Cooperation Administration, 1951-53. Approximately 20 pages.

EBAN A. AYERS. Assistant Press Secretary to the President, 1945-50; Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1951-53. Approximately 10 pages.

JOHN E. BARRIERE. Staff member, Research Division, Democratic National Committee, 1948. Approximately 1 page.

WILLIAM L., BATT, JR. Director, Research Division, Democratic National Committee, 1948. Approximately 1 page.

DAVID E. BELL. Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1947-48 and 1949-51; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1951-53. Approximately 2 pages.

BERNARD BERNSTEIN. Attorney, U.S. Treasury Department, 1933-42; Financial Adviser, North African Economic Control Board, 1942-43; Director, Finance Division and Director, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets, U.S. Group Control Commission for Germany, 1944-45; and Financial Adviser to Gen. D.D. Eisenhower for Civil Affairs and Military Government, ETO and MTO, 1942-45.

KENNETH M. BIRKHEAD. Associate Director of Public Relations, Research Division, Democratic National Committee, 1948. Approximately 4 pages.

DONALD C. BLAISDELL. Special Assistant, Bureau of U.N. Affairs, Department of State, 1947-51; U.S. representative for International Organization Affairs, Geneva, Switzerland, 1951-53. Approximately 10 pages.

BEN HILL BROWN. Assistant Legal Adviser, Department of State, 1946-49; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, 1949-55. Approximately 10 pages.

HENRY BYROADE. Military Attache to General George C. Marshall on China Mission, 1946-47; Deputy Director and Director, Bureau of German Affairs, Department of State, 1949-52; Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs, 1952-55; U.S. Ambassador, 1955-77. Approximately 10 pages.

MICHAEL H. CARDOZO. Office of the Legal Adviser, Department of State, 1945-52; Assistant Legal Adviser for Economic Affairs, Department of State, 1950-52. Approximately 2 pages.

OSCAR L. CHAPMAN. Assistant Secretary of the Interior, 1933-46; Under Secretary of the Interior, 1946-48; Secretary of the Interior, 1949-53. Approximately 26 pages.

CLARK CLIFFORD. Special Counsel to the President, 1946-1950. About 15 pages on his role in the recogniton of Israel.

MATTHEW J. CONNELLY. Appointments Secretary to the President, 1945-53. Approximately 10 pages.

JONATHAN DANIELS. Press Secretary to the President, 1945; Editor, Raleigh (N.C.) News and Observer, 1948-70. Approximately 2 pages.

C. GIRARD DAVIDSON. Assistant Secretary of the Interior, 1946-50. Approximately 5 pages.

GEORGE M. ELSEY. Naval Officer assigned to the White House Map Room, 1942-47; Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1947-49; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1949-51; Assistant to the Director, Mutual Security Agency, 1951-53. Approximately 10 pages.

MARK F. ETHRIDGE. U.S. delegate, U.N. Commission of Investigation to Study the Greek Border Disputes, 1947; U.S. Representative, U.N. Conciliation Commission for Palestine, 1949; Chairman, U.S. Advisory Commission on Information, 1948-50. Approximately 5 pages.

OSCAR R. EWING. Vice chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1942-47; Administrator, Federal Security Agency, 1947-53. Approximately 10 pages.

EDGAR C. FARIS, JR. Secretary to Senator Harry S. Truman, 1935-38. Approximately 2 pages.

ABRAHAM FEINBERG. Businessman and philanthropist. About 60 pages relating to his support for Jewish refugees in Palestine and the establishment of the state of Israel.

MONROE FRIEDMAN. Chairman, Alameda County (California) Democratic Central Committee, 1948. Approximately 2 pages.

MERRILL C. GAY. Assistant Chief, Division of Commercial Policy, Department of State, 1944-49; Economic Adviser to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, 1949-55. Approximately 2 pages.

A. J. GRANOFF. Kansas City lawyer and longtime friend of both Harry S. Truman and Edward Jacobson. Approximately 10 pages.

LOY HENDERSON. Director, Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, Department of State,1945-1948. About 70 pages on the State Department's position regarding the recognition of Israel.

JOHANNES U. HOEBER. Staff member, Research Division, Democratic National Committee, 1948. Approximately 1 page.

JOHN A. KENNEDY. Naval Liaison Officer with the Special Committee of the Senate to Investigate the National Defense Program (Truman Committee). Approximately 2 pages.

LEON H. KEYSERLING. General counsel, National Housing Agency, 1942-46; Vice Chairman, 1946-50, and Chairman, 1950-53, Council of Economic Advisers. Approximately 1 page.

MILTON S. KRONHEIM, SR. Washington, D.C. businessman and friend of Harry S. Truman. Approximately 8 pages.

FELIX E. LARKIN. Associate General Counsel, 1947-49, and General Counsel, 1950-51, Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1page.

E. ALLAN LIGHTNER, JR. Foreign Service Officer, 1930-70; Deputy Director, Office of Political Affairs, U.S. High Commission, Germany, 1949-51; Deputy Chief of Mission and Counselor, U.S. Embassy in Seoul, Korea, 1951-53. Approximately 2 pages.

JAMES I. LOEB. National Director, Americans for Democratic Action, 1947-51. Approximately 3 pages.

KATIE LOUCHHEIM. Delegate to the 1948 and 1952 Democratic National Conventions; Director of Women's Activities, Democratic National Committee, 1953-60; Vice Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1956-60. Approximately 1 page.

ROBERT A. LOVETT. Under Secretary of State, 1947-49; Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1950-51; Secretary of Defense, 1951-53. 2 pages.

DONALD J. MacDONALD. Naval Officer; Commander of the Presidential Yacht, USS Williamsburg, 1948-51. Approximately 2 pages.

GEORGE C. McGHEE. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs, 1949-51; Ambassador to Turkey, 1951-53. Approximately 5 pages.

WILFRED J. McNEIL. Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense, 1947-49; Assistant Secretary of Defense and Comptroller, Department of Defense, 1949-59. Approximately 5 pages.

DAVID A. MORSE. Assistant Secretary of Labor, 1945-47; Under Secretary of Labor, 1947-48; Director-general, International Labor Office, 1948-70. Approximately 5 pages.

CHARLES S. MURPHY. Administrative Assistant to the President, 1947-50; Special Counsel to the President, 1950-53. Approximately 5 pages.

PHILLEO NASH. Special Assistant to the Director, Office of War Information, 1942-46; Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1946-52; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1952-53. Approximately 20 pages.

PAUL H. NITZE. Vice Chairman, U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, 1944-46; Deputy Director, Office of International Trade Policy, Department of State, 1946; Deputy to the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1948-49; Director, Policy Planning Staff, Department of State, 1950-53. Approximately 3 pages.

ROBERT G. NIXON. Washington, D.C. correspondent, International News Service, 1944-58. Approximately 3 pages.

JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR. U.S. Army Officer on General Douglas MacArthur's staff, 1942-45; Officer of the Americans for Democratic Action, 1947-57. Approximately 1 pages.

STUART W. ROCKWELL. Second Secretary and Consul, U.S. Embassy in Ankara, Turkey, 1946-48; Officer in Charge, Palestine-Israel-Jordan Affairs, Department of State, 1948-50; Political Adviser to the Secretary of the Air Force, 1950-52; First Secretary and Consul, U.S. Embassy in Madrid, Spain, 1952-53. Approximately 10 pages.

HARRY ROSENFIELD. Commissioner, Displaced Persons Commission, 1948-1952. About 50 pages concerning his work in behalf of displaced persons and his views on the Palestine issue.

WILLIAM M. ROUNTREE. Staff officer on the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine, 1945-46; Special Assistant to the Director, Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, Department of State, 1946-48; Member of the American Economic Mission to Greece, 1947; Diplomatic service in Greece, 1948-49, Turkey, 1952-53, and Iran, 1953-55; Deputy Director, 1949-50, and Director, 1952, Office of Greek, Turkish and Iranian Affairs, Department of State. Approximately 2 pages.

WILLIAM SANDERS. Associate Chief, Division of International Organization Affairs, Office of Special Political Affairs, Department of State, 1945-48; Special Assistant, Bureau of U.N. Affairs, Department of State, 1950-52. Approximately 3 pages.

FRASER WILKINS. Foreign Service officer; Assistant Chief, Division of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1946-47; Officer in Charge, Palestine-Israel-Jordan Affairs, Department of State, 1949; Officer in Charge, Arabian Peninsula Affairs, Department of State, 1950; Director, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1950; First Secretary and consul, U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, India, 1950-52. 85 pages.

EDWIN WRIGHT Special Assistant to the Director, Office of Near Eastern and African Affairs, Department of State, 1946-1948. About 30 pages on the Palestine issue and the recogniton of Israel.

ARTHUR N. YOUNG. Financial adviser to the Chinese Government, 1929-46; Director of the Point 4 Program in Saudi Arabia, 1951-52. Approximately 5 pages.

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