Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


World War II Aircraft

World War II

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS AT THE LIBRARY

Prepared by Dennis Bilger, Randy Sowell, and Amy Williams, June 1999

These materials relate to many aspects of World War II, including: Afghanistan; chaplains; the China-Burma Theater; economic aid to liberated territories; economic mobilization and reconversion; espionage and the Office of Strategic Services (OSS); finances and foreign funds control; fuel, coal and utilities; general military and political issues; Germany; guerrilla warfare; housing; Japan; Japanese-Americans (the War Relocation Authority); military operations; the Office of Price Administration and rationing during the war; the Office of War Information; the Pearl Harbor investigation; petroleum and rubber production; shipping and shipbuilding; the Soviet Union; wage stabilization; war labor and manpower; the Women's Army Corps (WAC); and miscellaneous topics relating to the war. In addition to the holdings listed below, relevant information may be found in other collections of personal papers, federal records, and oral history interviews at the Truman Library.

[ Truman Papers | Other Personal Papers | Federal Records | Oral Histories]


HARRY S. TRUMAN PAPERS

PAPERS AS U.S. SENATOR AND VICE PRESIDENT--Includes material on the Mid-Central War Resources Board; defense plants in Missouri; the Navy Department; prisoners of war; the War Department; the War Production Board; and the War Relocation Authority. Also includes transcripts of hearings and other material documenting the activities of the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, also known as the Truman Committee. Approximately 34,000 pages. (The records of the Truman Committee itself are at the Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives, Washington, D.C.)

PRESIDENT'S SECRETARY'S FILES --Includes material relating to the surrender of Germany and Japan; the decision to use the atomic bomb; the Pearl Harbor investigation; and the role of China in World War II. Also includes FBI reports on espionage during the war, as well as reports on Japanese-Americans and on prisoners of war. Approximately 1,000 pages

WHITE HOUSE CENTRAL FILES--Official File 190 is the largest file in the White House Central Files relating to World War II and the veterans of that conflict. Official Files 692 and 692-A contain information on atomic energy and the atomic bomb. The Confidential File includes valuable nformation relating to World War II, filed under such folder titles as: War Department; Office of Strategic Services; State Department-- Correspondence; and State Department--World War II. The latter folder contains former President Herbert Hoover's memorandum on ending the war against Japan; elsewhere in the White House Central Files is material documenting Hoover's efforts, at the request of President Truman, to organize world hunger relief after the war. Approximately 25,000 pages.

STAFF MEMBER AND OFFICE FILES--The largest body of material relating to World War II in the Staff Member and Office Files is located in the Edwin Locke, Jr. Files, which contain information on China, Manchuria, Japan, Japanese reparations, and the War Production Board missions of Donald M. Nelson and Edwin Locke, Jr. Also important are the Rose Conway Files, which contain information on the "M" Project and OSS operations; the Map Room Files; and the Naval Aide Files, which include material relating to the surrender of Germany, the Potsdam Conference, and the surrender of Japan, as well as President Truman's communications during the war with world leaders such as Churchill, Stalin, and De Gaulle, and with American diplomats such as Ambassadors Leighton Stuart and Averell Harriman. Approximately 15,000 pages.

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OTHER PERSONAL PAPERS

PAPERS OF DEAN ACHESON--Contains documents relating to Germany, Russia, and the Far East, dating from Acheson's tenure as Assistant Secretary of State and Under Secretary of State during and immediately after World War II. Approximately 200 pages.

PAPERS OF PAUL C. AIKEN--Includes Army records relating to Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler. Approximately 100 pages.

PAPERS OF MARK ANDREWS--Contains material relating to World War II shipping and shipbuilding. Approximately 6,400 pages.

PAPERS OF R. GORDON ARNESON -- Includes a duplicate set of the minutes of meetings of the Interim Committee on Atomic Energy, and other materials relating to the Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb. Approximately 100 pages.

PAPERS OF WILLIAM R. AUMAN -- Includes information on the Office of Price Administration during World War II. Approximately 450 pages.

PAPERS OF EBEN AYERS -- Contains material on the war crimes trials of Axis leaders. Approximately 50 pages.

PAPERS OF PAUL C. BAADE--Contains materials relating to Baade's service as commanding general of the 35th Division from 1943 to 1945, including a copy of the German surrender document sent to commanders in the field in Germany by General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Approximately 800 pages.

War Production Board

PAPERS OF WILLIAM L. BATT-- Includes information documenting Batt's career as Vice Chairman of the War Production Board from 1941 to 1945. Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF G. LYLE BELSLEY--Includes information on Belsey's career as Executive Secretary of the War Production Board from 1942 to 1945. Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF BERNARD BERNSTEIN -- Includes information on the Nazi gold issue, financial affairs in Germany at the end of World War II, and Bernstein's work with the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS). Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF MYRON L. BLACK--Contains material relating to Black's work with the War Shipping Administration from 1942 to 1944 and with the Foreign Economic Administration from 1944 to 1945. Approximately 200 pages.

PAPERS OF RALPH BLOCK--Includes information on the Office of War Information in India during World War II. Approximately 450 pages.

PAPERS OF ELEANOR BONTECOU--Includes a World War II File which consists of material on both the Nuremberg and Tokyo war crimes trials, related to Bontecou's work as a legal adviser in the War Crimes Branch, Civil Affairs Division, War Department, 1946-47. Approximately 2,400 pages.

PAPERS OF BEATRICE M. BURGOON--Includes information on the National War Labor Board's activities in Philadelphia, 1944-45. Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF CHARLES W. CAMPBELL--Contains information on Campbell's career as a U.S. Army officer during and after World War II. Approximately 500 pages.

PAPERS OF TOM C. CLARK--The Justice Department Correspondence File of this collection includes information on Japanese-Americans during World War II. Approximately 850 pages.

President Truman and Japanese-Americans in WWII

PAPERS OF RALPH K. DAVIES--Includes information documenting Davies's work as Deputy Petroleum Administrator for War from 1942 to 1946, under Harold Ickes, the Petroleum Administrator for War. Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF JAMES S. EARLEY--Includes information documenting Earley's career as an economist with the Office of Price Administration during World War II. Approximately 800 pages.

Truman Committee

PAPERS OF ABIJAH U. FOX--Includes information about foreign funds control and the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS). Approximately 4,800 pages.

PAPERS OF HUGH FULTON--Contains material on the Truman Committee, A. J. Higgins and shipbuilding during the war, and the Canol Project for Canadian oil and uranium exploration. Fulton was the chief counsel of the Truman Committee. Approximately 2,000 pages.

PAPERS OF JOHN A. JESSUP--Includes material on housing problems during the war and the housing needs of veterans, related to Jessup's work as a member of the Federal Public Housing Authority from 1942 to 1946. Approximately 200 pages.

PAPERS OF EARL D. JOHNSON--Contains correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs relating to Johnson's service in the 4th Ferrying Group and 6th Ferrying Group of the Air Transport Command. Approximately 800 pages.

PAPERS OF LEON H. KEYSERLING--Includes information on Keyserling's career as general counsel of the National Housing Authority, 1942-46. Approximately 1,000 pages.

PAPERS OF LANSING LAMONT--Contains information used in Lamont's book, Day of Trinity, an account of the Manhattan Project and the development and testing of the atomic bomb in New Mexico. This material includes transcripts of Lamont's interviews with atomic scientists and others involved in the Manhattan Project. Approximately 1,500 pages.

PAPERS OF KATHERINE FITE LINCOLN--Includes letters that Katherine Boardman Fite wrote to her parents describing the places and people involved in the German war crimes trials, as a member of the Office of the U.S. Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality, July-December 1945. Approximately 1,500 pages.

PAPERS OF EDWIN A. LOCKE, JR.--Includes information about Locke's career as President Truman's personal representative in China, following his service with Donald M. Nelson as part of the War Production Board mission to China during World War II. Approximately 1,500 pages.

PAPERS OF WESTRAY BATTLE BOYCE LONG--Includes material documenting Mrs. Long's career as Director of the Women's Army Corps from 1945 to 1947. Approximately 500 pages.

PAPERS OF LOUIS C. McCABE--Includes information documenting McCabe's work as chief of the Utilities Branch, Army Corps of Engineers, and chief of the Solid Fuels Section, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force, during World War II. Approximately 6,400 pages.

PAPERS OF FRANK McNAUGHTON--Includes draft reports for Time magazine on activities in Congress and in Washington during the war years. Approximately 4,800 pages.

PAPERS OF DILLON S. MYER--Includes information on Japanese-Americans and the War Relocation Authority during and immediately after World War II. Approximately 850 pages.

PAPERS OF PHILLEO NASH--Includes material documenting Nash's career in the Domestic Branch of the Office of War Information from 1942 to 1946, with information on the U.S. propaganda campaign against Nazi Germany and Japan; German and Japanese propaganda; and racial problems in the U.S. and their impact on world affairs during World War II. Approximately 27,000 pages.

RECORDS OF THE NATIONAL AIRCRAFT WAR PRODUCTION COUNCIL--These are the records of a private organization formed to coordinate and expedite the work of American aircraft manufacturing companies during World War II. Approximately 23,000 pages.

PAPERS OF JOHN H. OHLY--Includes information documenting Ohly's
career as an attorney in the War Department, 1940-46, relating to such
topics as attitudes in the Army, racial and religious discrimination, labor
and the war effort, industrial espionage, and plant seizures (including the famous Montgomery Ward case of 1944-45.) Approximately 48,000
pages.

National Aircraft War Production Plant

PAPERS OF J. ANTHONY PANUCH--Includes information documenting Panuch's career as Chairman, Policy Committee, Board of Economic Warfare, 1942-43; Special Assistant to General Lucius D. Clay, Army Service Forces, 1943-45; and Special Counsel and Assistant to the Administrator, Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, 1945. Approximately 3,400 pages.

PAPERS OF JAMES T. QUIRK--Contains correspondence between Quirk and his wife during World War II, with descriptions of the war in Europe and Quirk's work as a public relations officer for General George S. Patton, Jr. Approximately 250 pages.

PAPERS OF HAROLD G. ROBINSON--Includes material documenting Robinson's work as chief investigator for the the Truman Committee, 1941-45. Approximately 300 pages.

PAPERS OF ALVIN J. ROCKWELL--Contains material documenting Rockwell's career as associate director of the Legal Division, Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS), 1945-48, including his role in the war crimes trials at Nuremberg, Germany. Approximately 19,200 pages.

PAPERS OF SAMUEL I. ROSENMAN--Includes material documenting Rosenman's career as Special Counsel to the President from 1945 to 1946. This collection includes information on atomic energy, China, Germany, the Potsdam Conference, reparations, the President's war messages to Congress, the Pearl Harbor investigation, and the Nuremberg war crimes trials. Approximately 4,000 pages.

PAPERS OF EDWARD A. TENENBAUM--Includes information on German currency reform, documenting Tenenbaum's career as an economist with the Finance Division, Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS). His study of the German mark covers much of modern German economic history from the time of the Weimar Republic through Nazi Germany and into the post-war period; this unpublished manuscript is a valuable source for understanding post-war German currency reform. Approximately 6,400 pages.

PAPERS OF CHARLES W. THAYER--This collection contains material documenting Thayer's career as a foreign service officer, including diaries which he kept while he was serving in Moscow and Berlin during the 1930s and early 1940s, and while he was involved with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in Yugoslavia during World War II. Approximately 12,000 pages.

Thirty-fifth Division Association
Credit: Army Signal Corps

RECORDS OF THE THIRTY-FIFTH DIVISION ASSOCIATION--A relatively small part of this collection relates to the division during World War II. Approximately 100 pages.

PAPERS OF L. CURTIS TIERNAN--Includes information about the work of Monsignor Tiernan as chief chaplain in the European Theater of Operations, 1943-46. Approximately 200 pages.

PAPERS OF HOWARD TRIVERS--Includes material documenting Trivers's career as a State Department official and foreign service officer, with information on Germany during and after World War II. Approximately 500 pages.

PAPERS OF WORLD WAR II COLLECTION--Includes historical materials relating to World War II that have been donated to the Truman Library over the years. Included are printed materials, scrapbooks, correspondence, reports, and memorabilia. Most of these materials were originally opened for research as part of the Miscellaneous Historical Documents Collection (MHDC) or the General Historical Documents Collection (GHDC). Approximately 4,800 pages.

PAPERS OF JOHN C. YOUNG--This collection contains information on the twelve war crimes trials conducted by U.S. military tribunals at Nuremberg, Germany from 1946 to 1949, including the proceedings against I. G. Farben, the Einsatzgruppen, and the Krupp industries. Most of the material in the collection relates to the twelfth trial (involving members of the German high command), in which Young served as presiding judge. Approximately 10,400 pages.

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FEDERAL RECORDS

RECORD GROUP 407: U.S. ARMY UNIT DIARIES, HISTORIES, AND REPORTS --Includes World War II documents relating to demobilization planning, a Joint Army-Navy Intelligence Study of Korea in April, 1945, and an after-action report on the U.S. Third Army, August, 1944 to May, 1945. Approximately 50 pages.

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ORAL HISTORIES

R. GORDON ARNESON--Secretary to the Interim Committee on Atomic Energy, 1945; Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State, 1948-50; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, 1950-54.

KARL R. BENDETSEN--U.S. Army officer, involved in the relocation of Japanese-Americans from the Pacific Coast and in other wartime activities, 1940-45; Assistant Secretary of the Army, 1950-52; Under Secretary of the Army, 1952.

BERNARD BERNSTEIN--Director, Finance Division and Division of Investigation of Controls and External Assets, U.S. Group Control Commission for Germany, 1944-45; and Financial Adviser to General Dwight D. Eisenhower for Civil Affairs and Military Government, 1942-45.

MERWIN L. BOHAN--Foreign service officer specializing in economic relations between the United States and Latin America, 1928-55.

TOM C. CLARK--Assistant Attorney General of the United States, 1943-45; Attorney General of the United States, 1945-49; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1949-67.

NEWTON B. DRURY--Director, National Park Service, 1940-51.

ELBRIDGE DURBROW--Foreign service officer, 1930-68; Chief, Eastern European Division, Department of State, 1944-46; Counselor, U.S. Embassy, Moscow, USSR, 1946-48.

GEORGE M. ELSEY--Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve, and duty officer, White House Map Room, 1941-46; Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President, 1947-49; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1949-51.

WALLACE M. GRAHAM--President Truman's personal White House physician, 1945-53; Truman family doctor, 1945-82.

GORDON GRAY--Enlisted man and officer, U.S. Army, 1942-45; Assistant Secretary of the Army, 1947-48; Secretary of the Army, 1949-50; Director, Psychological Strategy Board, 1951.

HUBERT F. HAVLIK--Official, War Production Board, 1942-44; Adviser on Lend-Lease, Foreign Economic Administration, 1944-45; Chief, Division of Investment and Economic Development, Department of State, 1946-48.

WALTER H. JUDD--Member of Congress from Minnesota,1943-62; U.S. Delegate, United Nations General Assembly, 1947.

MILTON P. KAYLE--Official, War Labor Board, 1943; Infantryman, U.S. Army, 1944-46; Special Assistant in the White House Office, 1951-53.

RICHMOND B. KEECH--Administrative Assistant to the President, 1945-46.

CHARLES P. KINDLEBERGER--Chief, Division of German and Austrian Economic Affairs, Department of State, 1945-48.

WILFRED J. McNEIL--Fiscal director, U.S. Navy, 1945-47; Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense, 1947-49.

CORNELIUS J. MARA--Officer, U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II; Assistant Military Aide to the President, 1949-52.

H. GRAHAM MORISON--Assistant to the General Counsel, War Production Board, 1941-43; Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, 1943-45; Assistant Attorney General of the United States, 1948-52.

Thirty-fifth Division Association
Credit: Army Signal Corps

ROBERT G. NIXON--Washington, D.C. correspondent, International News Service, 1944-58.

LOUIS H. RENFROW--Chief of Legislative Liaison, Selective Service System, 1944-47; Assistant Military Aide to the President, 1947-49.

RUSSELL L. RILEY--Officer, U.S. Army, 1941-46; Executive Assistant, War Assets Administration, 1946-48; Assistant Chief, Division of Libraries and Institutes, Department of State, 1949-50.

SAMUEL I. ROSENMAN--Special Counsel to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1943-45, and to President Truman, 1945-46.

STUART SYMINGTON--President, Emerson Electric Company, 1938-45; Assistant Secretary of War for Air, 1946-47; Secretary of the Air Force, 1947-50; Chairman, National Security Resources Board, 1950-51; Administrator, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1951-52; U.S. Senator from Missouri, 1953-77.

ROBERT K. WALSH--White House correspondent, Providence Journal, 1928-46; White House Correspondent, Washington Evening Star, 1946-69.

EARL WARREN--Governor of California, 1943-53; 1948 Republican candidate for Vice President; Chief Justice of the United States, 1953-69.

FRASER WILKINS. Foreign Service officer; Assistant Chief, Division of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1946-47; Officer in Charge, Palestine-Israel-Jordan Affairs, Department of State, 1949; Officer in Charge, Arabian Peninsula Affairs, Department of State, 1950; Director, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1950; First Secretary and consul, U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, India, 1950-52.