Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Point 4 Program

POINT FOUR PROGRAM OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO DEVELOPING NATIONS

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS AT THE LIBRARY

Prepared by
Dennis Bilger and Randy Sowell, February 1999


[ Truman Papers | Other Personal Papers | Oral Histories]


HARRY S. TRUMAN PAPERS

PRESIDENT'S SECRETARY'S FILES--Approximately 200 pages of press releases, reports, printed material, and correspondence concerning President Truman's proposal of a program of technical assistance to developing countries in his 1949 Inaugural Address; the enactment of legislation by Congress to achieve this goal; and the subsequent work of the Technical Cooperation Administration and the International Development Advisory Board.


WHITE HOUSE CENTRAL FILES: OFFICIAL FILE--Approximately 4,000 pages of correspondence and other material concerning the International Development Advisory Board and its chairman, Nelson Rockefeller; the board's report on ways to implement the Point Four program; the Technical Cooperation Administration and its program of technical assistance to such countries as India, Iran, and Liberia; the Act for International Development of 1950; and the involvement in foreign aid of the World Bank, the Export-Import Bank, the Mutual Security Agency, and other organizations.

WHITE HOUSE CENTRAL FILES: PRESIDENT'S PERSONAL FILE--Approximately 800 pages of correspondence in reaction to the President's 1949 Inaugural Address and his subsequent public statements on the Point Four program; and in reaction to the deaths of Technical Cooperation Administrator Henry G. Bennett, Chief Public Affairs Officer Benjamin H. Hardy, and others in an airplane crash in Iran in 1951.

President Harry Truman and Point Four Program


1949 Inaugural Speech during which President Truman proposed the Point 4 Program.
Source: Truman Library.

STAFF MEMBER AND OFFICE FILES: DAVID D. LLOYD FILES--Approximately 200 pages of material documenting Lloyd's role in drafting the Point Four section of President Truman's 1949 Inaugural Address, with the assistance of Walter Salant, a staff member at the Council of Economic Advisors; and the subsequent development of the Point Four program.

POST-PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS--Approximately 750 pages of documents on Point Four, including research materials and drafts prepared for President Truman's Memoirs, and a copy of a lecture delivered by David Bell, formerly administrator of the Agency for International Development (AID), at Avila College in Kansas City in 1971.

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OTHER PERSONAL PAPERS

PAPERS OF STANLEY ANDREWS--Approximately 6,000 pages of material on Andrews's work as director of the Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations at the Department of Agriculture from 1949 to 1951, and as Technical Cooperation Administrator from 1951 to 1953. Included in this material is documentation of Andrews's speeches and trips to the Near East, India, the Far East, and South America while administering the Point Four program.

PAPERS OF HENRY G. BENNETT--Approximately 2,000 pages of correspondence, speech drafts, and printed material pertaining to Bennett's tenure as Technical Cooperation Administrator and his death in an airplane crash in Iran in 1951.

PAPERS OF MYRON L. BLACK--Approximately 800 pages of material relating to Black's work with the War Shipping Administration, the Foreign Economic Administration, and the Economic Cooperation Administration, involving the shipping of products to India, Greece, and the Mediterranean area.

PAPERS OF CLARK M. CLIFFORD -- Approximately 100 pages of speech drafts and other material relating to the 1949 Inaugural Address, which included the President's proposal of a program of technical assistance to developing nations.

PAPERS OF JONATHAN DANIELS--Approximately 250 pages of notes taken by Daniels (a former presidential press secretary) of his interviews with President Truman, Clark Clifford, and others for his biography of Truman, The Man of Independence (1950). Among other topics, these interviews deal with foreign aid and the Point Four program.

PAPERS OF GEORGE M. ELSEY--Approximately 450 pages of correspondence, speech drafts, background material, reports, and newspaper clippings documenting the drafting of the 1949 Inaugural Address and Point Four proposal, and the subsequent development of the program.

PAPERS OF BENJAMIN H. HARDY--Approximately 800 pages of material--including speech drafts, newspaper clippings, and a manuscript by Hardy, Point Four: Dynamic Democracy -- relating to the Point Four program, Hardy's work as chief public affairs officer of the Technical Cooperation Administration from 1950 to 1951, and his death in an airplane crash in Iran in 1951.

PAPERS OF JOHN H. OHLY--Approximately 60,000 pages of correspondence, reports, printed material, and other material concerning Ohly's involvement in U.S. foreign aid programs from 1949 to 1968, and including information on the Technical Cooperation Administration, the Agency for International Development, and technical and economic assistance to individual regions and countries.

PAPERS OF WALTER SALANT--Approximately 150 pages of material relating to Salant's role in drafting the 1949 Inaugural Address, containing proposals for extending U.S. technical and economic assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America.



From a Department of State publication entitled The Point Four Program released in December, 1949.

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ORAL HISTORIES

STANLEY ANDREWS--Administrator, Technical Cooperation Administration, 1951-1953. Includes approximately 50 pages relating to various aspects of the Point Four program.

DOUGLAS ENSMINGER--Educator and expert on foreign agricultural programs. Includes approximately 50 pages on agricultural features of the Point Four program.

SAMUEL P. HAYES--Chief, Special Economic and Technical Mission to Indonesia, 1951-1952; Assistant Director for the Far East, Mutual Security Agency, 1952-1953. Includes approximately 20 pages on the Point Four program.

CHRISTINE HARDY LITTLE--Widow of Benjamin H. Hardy, Chief Public Affairs Officer, Technical Cooperation Administration, 1950-1951. Includes approximately 30 pages on her husband's role in originating the Point Four proposal and his subsequent work with the Technical Cooperation Administration.


WILLIAM E. WARNE--Minister in Charge of Technical Cooperation, Iran, 1951-1955. Includes approximately 20 pages on the Point Four program in Iran.

FRASER WILKINS. Foreign Service officer; Assistant Chief, Division of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1946-47; Officer in Charge, Palestine-Israel-Jordan Affairs, Department of State, 1949; Officer in Charge, Arabian Peninsula Affairs, Department of State, 1950; Director, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, Department of State, 1950; First Secretary and consul, U.S. Embassy in New Delhi, India, 1950-52.

ARTHUR N. YOUNG--Director of the Point Four program in Saudi Arabia, 1951-1952. Includes approximately 20 pages on the Point Four program in Saudi Arabia.

Point Four Program