Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


John D. Clark Papers

Dates: 1946-1952

Member, Council of Economic Advisers, 1946-1953.

The Papers of John D. Clark consist of economic reports by the Council of Economic Advisers to President Harry S. Truman, an unpublished manuscript written by Clark, letters, memoranda, and other items related to the work of the Council of Economic Advisers.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]


ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: Less than one linear foot (about 1600 pages).
Access: Open.
Copyright: John D. Clark has donated to the U.S. government his copyright interest in all writings in this collection. Documents created by U.S. government employees in the course of their official duties are also in the public domain. Copyright interest in other documents presumably belongs to the creators of those documents, or their heirs.
Processed by: John T. Curry (1961); Elizabeth Carrington (2005) as part of the Truman Library Internship Program.
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and David Clark.


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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1884 (September 26)Born Fort Collins, Colorado
1905Bachelor of Arts, University of Nebraska
1907L.L.B., Columbia University; began practice of law, Cheyenne, Wyoming
1912Delegate, Democratic National Convention, Baltimore
1919-1946Director, American National Bank of Cheyenne
1923-1926Vice President of Standard Oil Company of Indiana
1931 Doctorate, John Hopkins University
1931-1946 Professor of economics at various schools
1937-1939 Adviser, U.S. Senate Committee on Government Reorganization
1938 L.L.D., University of Nebraska
1941 Member, Wyoming legislature
1946-1953 Member, Council of Economic Advisers
1961 (November 6) Died, Cheyenne, Wyoming

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The John D. Clark Papers are comprised of quarterly, monthly, and annual reports of the Council of Economic Advisers to President Harry S. Truman, economic reports of the President, an unpublished manuscript about the Council of Economic Advisers written by John D. Clark, letters, memoranda, and other items related to the work of the Council of Economic Advisers. The collection is comprised of one series, a Subject File, arranged alphabetically by subject and thereunder chronologically.

The Council of Economic Advisers was established by the Employment Act of 1946 to provide the President with objective economic analysis and advice on the development and implementation of a wide range of domestic and international economic policy issues. Truman especially noted that “it is the function of the council to formulate and recommend national economic policies to promote employment, production, and purchasing power under free competitive enterprise. One of its primary functions is ‘fact-finding.’ It will piece together a complete and consistent picture of the economic state of the nation. The next function of the council will be to interpret all available facts and then to present the soundest possible diagnosis as to the state of the nation's economic health.” The council includes three members appointed by the President. Clark was a member of the first council along with Leon H. Keyserling and Edwin G. Nourse. The three held very disparate views on the functioning of the committee, but were able to provide Harry S. Truman with sound economic advice, found in the reports included in Clark’s collection, throughout his presidency.

The letters and memoranda included are mostly between the Council of Economic Advisers and President Truman. There is also correspondence between the members of the council, and between the council and other members of Truman’s staff such as Charles S. Murphy, Clark Clifford, and John R. Steelman. Included among this material are a press release and drafts of reports.

Also included in the collection is an unpublished manuscript titled “The President’s Economic Council,” written by Clark in 1948. The manuscript reports Truman’s efforts to stabilize prosperity, efforts initiated in the Employment Act of 1946, which created the Council of Economic Advisers. Arrangements had been made for the manuscript to be published by the University of Nebraska Press in early 1949, when it was generally believed there would be a change of administration. The publication was cancelled when Truman was unexpectedly reelected and retained the members of the council in office.

Related information can be found in the President’s Personal File 3190; the Papers of Leon H. Keyserling; the Papers of Edwin G. Nourse; the oral histories of Leon H. Keyserling, Edwin G. Nourse, and Charles S. Murphy; and the President’s Secretary’s Files, Agencies File.

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos. Series
1-2 SUBJECT FILE, 1946-1952
Economic reports, an unpublished manuscript by Clark, letters, memoranda, and other items relating to the Council of Economic Advisers. Arranged alphabetically by subject and thereunder chronologically.

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FOLDER TITLE LIST
    SUBJECT FILE, 1946-1952

Box 1

  • Council's Annual Report - John D. Clark draft (1952)
  • Drafts Proposed by John D. Clark for Council Reports
  • Economic Report - January 14, 1948
  • First Economic Report of the President
  • Letters and Memoranda to the President, 1946-1947
  • Letters and Memoranda to the President, 1948-1949
  • Letters and Memoranda to the President, 1950-1952
Box 2
  • Note by John D. Clark Relating to Material of Council of Economic Advisers Deposited with the Harry S. Truman Library
  • Periodic Reports 1948-1950
  • Quarterly and Monthly Reports to the President, 1947-1949
  • Quarterly and Monthly Reports to the President, 1950
  • Quarterly and Monthly Reports to the President, 1951-1952
  • Unpublished Manuscript by John D. Clark, Chapters I-VI
  • Unpublished Manuscript by John D. Clark, Chapters VII-XII

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