Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum

Bernard Bernstein Papers

Dates: 1863-1993; Bulk dates: 1933-1955

Lt. Colonel and Colonel, U.S. Army, and Financial Adviser to General Dwight D. Eisenhower for Civil Affairs and Military Government, 1942-45; Director, Finance Division and Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets, U.S. Group Control Commission for Germany, 1944-45; Legal Adviser to the American Jewish Conference, 1946-48.

The Bernard Bernstein papers document principally his work as a U.S. Army officer during and immediately after World War II, when he was involved in investigating the economic resources of the Third Reich (its looted gold and other assets, as well as the activities of German cartels), and in formulating financial policies for Germany and other areas of Europe under Allied occupation. Also documented are Bernstein's career in the Treasury Department before the war; his postwar career as an attorney involved in assisting Jewish organizations in their efforts to obtain just retribution and compensation for Nazi atrocities; his interest in the Morgenthau Plan and the future of German industry; loyalty charges leveled against him and his wife during the 1940s and 1950s; and his other personal and professional activities. Much of the material in the collection is printed material relating to Bernstein's service during and immediately following World War II.


[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]


ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: 10 linear feet, 11 linear inches (about 22,500 pages).
Access: Open
Copyright: The estate of Mrs. Bernard Bernstein has donated its copyright interest in these materials to the people of the United States. Documents prepared by U.S. government employees in the course of their official duties are also in the public domain. Copyright interest in documents that do not fall in the above two categories is presumed to remain with the writers of the documents.
Processed by: Dennis Bilger and Randy Sowell (1998); Jan Davis and David Clark (2016).

[Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1908 (November 30) Born, New York City
1928 Bachelor of Arts, Columbia University
1930 Juris Doctor, Columbia Law School
1930-33 Associate, Mitchell, Taylor, Capron & Marsh law firm, New York City
1933-1942 Attorney, U.S. Department of the Treasury
1938 (August 4) Married Bernice Lotwin
1938-1942 Assistant General Counsel, U.S. Department of the Treasury
1942 Entered U.S. Army with the rank of Lt. Colonel
1942-45 Financial Adviser to General Dwight D. Eisenhower for Civil Affairs and Military Government
1944 Promoted to Colonel
1944-45 Director, Finance Division and Divison of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets, U.S. Group Control Commission for Germany
1946-48 Legal Adviser to the American Jewish Conference
1946-90 Practiced law in New York City
1990 (February 6) Died, New York City

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The Bernard Bernstein Papers document primarily his service as a U.S. Army officer during and immediately after World War II, especially his role in the military occupation of Germany. As director of the Finance Division and the Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets of the U.S. Group Control Commission for Germany, Colonel Bernstein was involved in identifying the economic assets of Nazi Germany, in accumulating evidence that was later used in the prosecution of Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg, and in formulating policies to ensure that the products of German industry would never again threaten the peace of Europe.

These subjects would continue to interest him for the rest of his life--an interest reflected in his papers, which include an extensive amount of printed material, reports, correspondence, and speech drafts pertaining to Germany and the war. This collection also contains information about Bernstein's career before World War II as an attorney in the Treasury Department specializing in gold and international finance; his postwar association with the American Jewish Conference and other Jewish organizations seeking retribution and compensation for Nazi atrocities; unsubstantiated allegations regarding the loyalty of Bernstein, his wife, and others during the 1940s and 1950s; and Bernstein's other personal and professional activities.

The Bernstein Papers are divided into two series: a Nazi Gold File and a Subject File. The Nazi Gold File contains correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and other materials concerning Nazi Germany's gold and other financial assets. Much of this material relates to the discovery by U.S. forces of a large cache of Nazi treasure in the Kaiseroda salt mine at Merkers, Germany, in April 1945. Colonel Bernstein was responsible for safeguarding and preparing an inventory of these valuables, which included gold, currency, works of art, and loot taken from victims in Nazi concentration or extermination camps. A significant amount of the material in this series comprises photocopies of federal records from the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration; the provenance of these materials is identified in brackets on the folder title list. The Nazi Gold File also includes documentation of the financial aspects of the war, efforts to compensate the victims of Nazi aggression, and the continuing interest among journalists and historians in the wealth and plunder of the Third Reich. This series is arranged alphabetically by subject.

The Subject File, which comprises over 80 percent of the collection, contains printed material, correspondence, speech drafts, and other items relating to Bernstein's career, and particularly to his service in World War II and his subsequent involvement with issues arising from the war. Bernstein's duties in the Mediterranean and European theaters included responsibility for matters involving currency exchange, finance, and property control in areas that were liberated or occupied by advancing Allied forces: North Africa, Sicily, Italy, and Western Europe as well as Germany and Austria. Material relating to Bernstein's work in civil affairs and military government in these areas is filed under such headings as "Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory," "Germany," "Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)," and "United States Group, Control Council." In 1944-45, Bernstein was also involved in the development and advocacy of the Morgenthau Plan, a proposal for the deindustrialization of postwar Germany which was formulated by his friend and former superior in the Treasury Department, Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr. Material in the Subject File on the Morgenthau Plan is filed principally under "Germany" and under Morgenthau's name.

In December, 1945, Colonel Bernstein testified before the Subcommittee on War Mobilization of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs. Under the chairmanship of Senator Harley Kilgore of West Virginia, the subcommittee was investigating Germany's war resources and their elimination under Allied occupation. Bernstein's testimony particularly concerned the activities of I.G. Farben, the huge German industrial cartel whose officials were subsequently prosecuted at the Nuremberg war crimes trials. Material on Bernstein's testimony and related investigations by Congress is filed under "Congress of the United States" and "General Aniline and Film Company," as well as under Bernstein's name.

After leaving the Army, Bernstein served for a time as legal adviser to the American Jewish Conference, and worked with similar organizations in representing the interests of those who had been victimized by the crimes of Nazi Germany. In this capacity, he attended the peace conference in Paris in 1946, and helped prepare amendments to proposed peace treaties with such Axis states as Rumania, Italy, and Bulgaria; the amendments were aimed at ensuring that the Jewish populations of these countries would receive reparations and guarantees of future security. Most of the material relating to Bernstein's work in this field can be found under "American Jewish Conference" or under the names of the individual countries. As a prominent figure in the military government of Germany and an adviser to Jewish organizations seeking indemnification, Bernstein was also in demand as a speaker during the early postwar years. His speeches dealt with the future of Germany, human rights, and other issues arising from the war, and were delivered on radio programs as well as to B'nai B'rith groups and other civic organizations. For the most part, Bernstein's speech drafts and related material can be found in the Subject File under his name, or under "Speech" or "Speeches."

The Subject File also contains material on Bernstein's prewar career as an attorney in the Treasury Department, especially his involvement in the "gold cases" of the 1930s, which tested the constitutionality of New Deal measures affecting the monetary status of gold. Documentation of his role in preparing the Roosevelt administration's response to these legal challenges is filed under various folder titles beginning with the word "Gold." A wide variety of material relating to various aspects of Bernstein's life and career--before, during, and after World War II--can be found under his name and that of his wife, Bernice Lotwin Bernstein (who was herself an attorney and U.S. government official). Some of this material pertains to allegations of disloyalty that were leveled against Bernstein, and against other persons who had served with the U.S. Military Government in Germany, by Rep. George Dondero of Michigan in 1947. (Bernstein strongly denied these allegations, and Secretary of War Robert Patterson attested to his loyalty and outstanding service record.) Mrs. Bernstein was also subjected to a loyalty investigation as an employee of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in the 1950s. One document filed under her name is a lengthy biographical affidavit from her husband, which includes a description of their relationship with Harry Dexter White, a senior Treasury Department official who was suspected of espionage in behalf of the Soviet Union. More information on the unsubstantiated loyalty charges against the Bernsteins and others can be found under "Congress of the United States," "DuBois, Josiah E., Jr.," "Personal," and elsewhere.

The Subject File contains a large quantity of U.S. government publications and other printed material. A careful review of the accompanying folder title list is recommended. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject.

Other holdings of the Truman Library that are relevant to this collection include the transcript of an oral history interview with Bernstein (OHI #188), conducted in 1975; material in the Harry S. Truman Papers (Official File 198 Misc.) relating to Senator Kilgore's investigation of Nazi gold and other assets; and documents in the John W. Snyder Papers (Secretary of the Treasury Alphabetical File, "Sweden" and "Switzerland") concerning assets in neutral countries. The Student Research Files on "United States Policy in Occupied Germany After World War II," "The War Crimes Trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo, 1945-48," and "President Truman's Confrontation with McCarthyism," as well as manuscript collections pertaining to these topics, contain more information about subjects documented in the Bernstein Papers.

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]


SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos. Series
1-2 NAZI GOLD FILE, 1945-1988
Correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and other materials relating to the gold and other assets of Nazi Germany; the discovery of a Nazi treasure cache in the Kaiseroda salt mine at Merkers, Germany in April, 1945; financial aspects of World War II; indemnification of the victims of war crimes; and research on this subject by journalists and historians. Folders containing photocopies of documents from the National Archives and Records Administration are identified as such in the folder-title list. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
3-25 SUBJECT FILE, 1863-1993 (Bulk Dates: 1933-1955)
Printed material (including many U.S. government publications), correspondence, speech drafts, and other items relating to Bernstein's service in the U.S. Army during World War II as a specialist in the financial aspects of civil affairs and military government; his involvement with the Morgenthau Plan; his testimony before a Senate subcommittee investigating the elimination of Germany's war resources; his postwar association with the American Jewish Conference and other organizations representing the interests of persons victimized by Nazi aggression; his career before the war as a U.S. Treasury Department attorney working on matters pertaining to gold and international finance; loyalty charges leveled against Bernstein, his wife, and others in the 1940s and 1950s; and Bernstein's other personal and professional activities. Arranged alphabetically by subject.

[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]


FOLDER TITLE LIST

    NAZI GOLD FILE, 1945-1988
Box 1
  • American Jewish Conference--Restitution for Victims of Nazi Aggression, and Other Postwar Issues, 1945-46
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation--Proposed Program on Nazi Gold Issue, 1970
  • Correspondence with Historians on Nazi Gold Issue, 1979-85
  • Merkers Mine Reports and Related Documents--German Treasure Cache found at the Kaiseroda Mine, Merkers, Germany, April 18, 1945 [including photocopies of NARA documents]
      [1 of 3]
      [2 of 3]
      [3 of 3]
Box 2
  • Nazi Gold, the Holocaust, and Related Issues [reports, correspondence, clippings, handwritten notes, etc.]
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • New York State--Proposed Legislation to Create Unclaimed Foreign Deposits Fund to Compensate Victims of Nazi Aggression, 1947
  • News Clippings [articles concerning Nazi gold and financial aspects of the war, 1944-45, 1984]
  • "Reparations, Restitution, and Indemnification for Losses Suffered by the Jewish People" [speech by Colonel Bernard Bernstein to the American Jewish Conference, February 19, 1946]

    SUBJECT FILE, 1863-1993; Bulk dates: 1933-1955

  • Africa, Trip of Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Bernstein to, 1969-70
  • Allied Control Authority--Control Council Laws, Directives, etc., for occupied Germany, 1946-47
  • Allied Control Council--Plan for Reparations and the Postwar German Economy, 1946
  • Allied Financial Agency
  • Allied Military Finance Officers Association--Menu for Third Reunion Dinner, December 10, 1949
  • Allied Military Government--Notes on the History, Art, and Monuments of Sicily, November 1, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--General Order No. 4, Concerning Price Controls in Occupied Italy, September 5, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--General Order No. 5, Concerning Declaration of Essential Supplies in Occupied Italy, September 1, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--General Order No. 6, Concerning Reopening of Banks in Occupied Italy, September 1, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--General Order No. 8, Concerning Labor Relations in Occupied Sicily, September 24, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--General Order No. 10, Concerning Banks and Financial Institutions in Occupied Sicily, October 1, 1943
  • Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory--New York Times Clipping, July 18, 1943
  • American Arbitration Association [international arbitration]
  • American Bar Association--Devastation of the War in the Inns of Court, London
  • American Civil-Military Decisions: A Book of Case Studies, Edited by Harold Stein
Box 3
  • American Jewish Conference--Bulletin of Activities and Digest of the Press, 1946-47
  • American Jewish Conference--German Peace Treaties, 1946-48
  • American Jewish Conference--Hungarian Peace Treaty: Correspondence, Memoranda, and Clippings
  • American Jewish Conference--Letter to Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York, January 22, 1947, on Nazi Gold Issue
  • American Jewish Conference--Memoranda, Notes, Newspaper Clippings, and Press Releases, 1946
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • American Jewish Conference--Minutes of Meeting of the Interim Committee, November 10, 1948
  • American Jewish Conference--Paris Peace Conference
  • American Jewish Conference--The Record, 1946-47
  • American Jewish Conference--Report of the Interim Committee, February 17, 1946
  • American Jewish Conference--Report on UN General Assembly Session [by Col. Bernard Bernstein]
  • American Jewish Conference--Supplementary Statement Submitted to the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry, January 9, 1946
  • American Jewish Conference--Treaty with Austria
  • The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, January 1950: Military Government
Box 4
  • Army Clearances for Trips [correspondence regarding authorizations for Col. Bernstein to travel abroad as legal adviser to the American Jewish Conference, etc., 1946-50]
  • Articles, Clippings, Etc.--Mr. Bernstein [correspondence and other materials relating to Bernstein's work in the Treasury Department and his legal career, etc., 1938-40]
  • ARTnews Clipping, Summer 1981--"How a Timid Curator with a Deadpan Expression Outwitted the Nazis," by Michael Gibson
  • Association of the Bar of the City of New York--The Record, June 1968 [including article on Justice Robert Jackson and the Nuremberg Trial]
  • Austrian Peace Treaty--Memoranda and Correspondence [concerning American Jewish Conference and other Jewish organizations, 1946-49]
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • "Back to the Synagogue" Program
  • Banknotes from France--Illustration Showing Currency in Various Denominations
  • Banknotes from Germany--Illustration Showing Currency in Various Denominations
  • Berlin--United States Forces Telephone Directory, December 15, 1945
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Address to the Benjamin N. Cardozo Lodge of B'nai B'rith on "The International Protection of Human Rights," November 10, 1952 [program]
  • [Bernstein, Bernard]--Admission to Bar of Tax Court [Washington, D.C., 1948]
  • [Bernstein, Bernard]--Admission to Federal District Court [bar of the Southern District of New York, 1953]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Application for Admission to Bar [U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia and Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court, 1946-50]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Biographical Information for Who's Who, etc.
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Certificates from U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. Court of Appeals [cross reference sheet for items removed to Oversize File]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Citation for Legion of Merit
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Correspondence with Jewish Organizations
      [1 of 3; 1941-46]
Box 5
      [2 of 3; 1947-50]
      [3 of 3; 1951-54]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Correspondence on Opening of Law Office in New York City, 1945-46
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Correspondence: Treasury Department, 1934-49
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Correspondence: War Department, 1941-55
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Diary Notes, 1943, 1985 [concerning his service in Italy during World War II, etc.]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Loyalty Charges by Rep. George Dondero and Others
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Military Government Association Membership Card
Box 6
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Personal--Financial Records
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Personal--Military Service
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Personal File [correspondence regarding war-related issues, etc.]
      [1 of 3]
      [2 of 3]
      [3 of 3]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Political Correspondence
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Speeches, Miscellaneous ["The Quest for Peace," delivered by Bernstein in New York City, May 13, 1946, etc.]
  • Bernstein, Bernard--Statement before the Subcommittee on War Mobilization, Senate Committee on Military Affairs (the Kilgore Committee), December 11, 1945
  • Bernstein, Mrs. Bernice Lotwin--Correspondence and Other Materials, 1933-55 [concerning her career as an attorney with the Federal Security Agency and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; and an investigation of her loyalty as an H.E.W. employee, with a biographical affidavit by Bernard Bernstein]
  • [Bernstein, Mrs. Bernice Lotwin--Excerpts from affidavits of Mr. and Mrs. Bernstein regarding Security Investigation]
Box 7
  • [Bernstein, Mrs. Bernice Lotwin--Security Investigations of Mr. and Mrs. Bernstein]
      [1 of 7]
      [2 of 7]
      [3 of 7]
      [4 of 7]
      [5 of 7]
      [6 of 7]
      [7 of 7]
  • [Bernstein, Mrs. Bernice Lotwin--Transcript of Proceedings, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Security Hearing Board, January 12, 1955]
  • [Bernstein, Mrs. Bernice Lotwin--Transcript of Proceedings, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Security Hearing Board, January 13, 1955]
Box 8
  • B'nai B'rith Institute of Judaism Lectures (Arkansas and Texas)--August, 1951
  • Bower, Tom--The Plege Betrayed: America and Britain and the Denazification of Postwar Germany [excerpt]
  • Brandeis, Justice Louis--Memorandum of Conversation on Palestine, March 26, 1941
  • Brandeis University --Correspondence Concerning Conference on the Holocaust, 1978
  • Bulgaria, Treaty of Peace with, 1947
  • Cabinet Committee on Palestine and Related Problems--Letter from Edward H. Foley, Jr. to Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, July 15, 1946
  • California Law Review--"Universality of Jurisdiction over war Crimes" by Willard B. Cowles, June, 1945
  • Canadian Speech--1951[correspondence and program for B'nai B'rith speech in Ontario]
  • "Cartel"--Monograph by Howard Watson Ambruster for the Encylopedia Americana, 1945
  • Centennial of Columbia Law School--Program for Conference, New York City, November 6-8, 1958
  • Certificates
  • Civil Affairs Journal and Newsletter, March-April, 1978
  • Clay, General Lucius D.--Memoranda of Conversations with Bernstein, August 18-20, 1945
  • Columbia Law Review--"Transcendental Nonsense and the Functional Approach" by Felix S. Cohen, June, 1935
  • Columbia Law Review--"The Valuation of Legal Science" by Huntington Cairns, January, 1940
  • Columbia University--School of Law [letter from Dean William C. Warren to Bernstein, December 15, 1954]
  • Columbia University--School Songs
  • Committee for Defense of the Constitution [opposition to Bricker Amendment]
  • Communists Within the Government: The Facts and a Program, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, January, 1947
  • Congress of American Women
  • Congress of American Women--Speech by Bernard Bernstein, "Must History Repeat Itself?", March 8, 1946
  • Congress of the United States--79th Congress, 1st Session
      [1 of 2; hearings before subcommittee of Senate Committee on Military Affairs, on elimination of German resources for war, 1945]
      [2 of 2; report of the House Special Committee on Postwar Economic Policy and Planning, on economic reconstruction in Europe, 1945]
  • Congress of the United States--79th Congress, 2nd Session
      [1 of 3; report of the House Committee on Military Affairs, on investigations of the national war effort, 1946]
      [2 of 3; study submitted by the Foreign Economic Administration to the Subcommittee on War Mobilization of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, presenting a program for German economic and industrial disarmament, 1946]
      [3 of 3; testimony by Russell Nixon of the Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets, Office of Military Government in Germany, submitted to the Subcommittee on War Mobilization of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, February 25, 1946]
Box 9
  • Congress of the United States--83rd Congress, 1st Session [subpoena from House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1953]
  • Congress of the United States--84th Congress, 1st Session [hearing before the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Senate Committee on Government Operations, featuring the testimony of William Henry Taylor of the Treasury Department, November 9, 1953]
  • Congress of the United States--91st Congress, 1st Session [report prepared by the Library of Congress for the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Senate Judiciary Committee, on the Warsaw insurrection, 1969]
  • Congressional Record [and related clippings]
      [1 of 2: March 15 and 19, 1946]
      [2 of 2: April 18, 1946; 1949-50]
  • Consultative Council of Jewish Organizations--International Protection of the Human Rights of Minorities, January, 1950
  • Coordinating Board of Jewish Organizations
      [1 of 3; 1949-50]
      [2 of 3; 1950-51]
      [3 of 3; 1951-52]
  • Coordinating Committee of Independent Democrats
  • Correspondence--Miscellaneous [mostly concerning Bernstein's service with the Office of Military Government in Germany and his postwar law practice, 1945-48]
  • Cousins, Norman--"Not So Simple, Mr. Cousins!" by Rabbi Roland Gittelsohn, with Reply by Cousins, American Judaism, Passover, 1961
  • Department of Health, Education, and Welfare--Honor Awards Ceremony recognizing Bernice Lotwin Bernstein and other distinguished employees, April 11, 1963
Box 10
  • Directories [names, addresses, and telephone numbers of friends and associates]
  • Discovery--Its Abuse and Correction, by Milton Pollack, 1978-79
  • DuBois, Josiah E., Jr--Draft of 1973 Oral History Interview with the Harry S. Truman Library, and Correspondence with Bernstein
  • DuBois, Josiah E., Jr.--Testimony Before U.S. Civil Service Commission International Organizations Employees Loyalty Board in the matter of William Henry Taylor, October 19, 1955, and Correspondence with Bernstein
  • Eisenhower, General Dwight D.--Congratulatory Message to All Members of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Eisenhower, General Dwight D.--French Language Proclamation Concerning Use of Complementary (Semi-official) Currency
  • Eisenhower, President Dwight D.--Transcript of Press Conference, August 27, 1958, with Letter from John O'Rourke of the Washington Daily News, and Anonymous Satire
  • Fanelli and Freehill, Law Offices of--Bill for Legal Services, April 1955
  • Foley, Edward H., Jr., Speeches by, 1940-48
  • Foreign Custody Gold [Uebersee Finanz Korporation case, 1934-36]
  • Foreign Funds Control, 1945-48 [foreign-owned assets in U.S., Swiss assets, etc.]
      [1 of 3]
      [2 of 3]
      [3 of 3]
Box 11
  • Foreign Funds Control--Administration of the Wartime Financial and Property Controls of the United States Government, 1942
  • Foreign Funds Control--Articles and Clippings, 1945
  • Foreign Funds Control--The Proclaimed List of Certain Blocked Nationals, 1941-46
  • Friedman, Joseph B.--Announcement of Opening of Law Office, January 1, 1950
  • General Aniline and Film Company--Correspondence regarding Bernstein's testimony before the Subcommittee on War Mobilization, Senate Committee on Military Affairs, December 12, 1945
  • General Memoranda--Deutsche Bank v. Homer Cummings, et al. [briefs, memoranda, etc., 1933-37]
  • German Banks--Issued by National Economic Bank of Poland, November, 1943
  • German Speeches, Material for--Memoranda and Correspondence [concerning travel arrangements, reaction to speeches, etc., 1945-53]
  • Germany--Financial and Property Control Technical Manual, Military Government, 1944
  • Germany--Handbook for Military Government in Germany Prior to Defeat or Surrender, December, 1944
  • Germany--Handbook Governing Policy and Procedure for the Military Occupation of Germany, December, 1944
Box 12
  • Germany Is Our Problem--Comments and Reviews [of 1945 book by Henry Morgenthau, Jr.]
  • Germany--Military Government Gazette [proclamations, ordinances, and laws for Twelfth Army Group area of control, 1944]
  • Germany--Morgenthau Plan [newspaper clippings documenting reaction, 1944-45]
  • Germany--Morgenthau Plan [United Nations World, March, 1947, with article by Fred Smith, "The Rise and Fall of the Morgenthau Plan"]
  • Germany--Speeches, Correspondence, Etc., 1943-48
  • Germany--War Crimes
  • Goering, Hermann--Newspaper Clipping, May 16, 1945
  • Gold Bonds [newspaper clippings on U.S. Supreme Court cases involving gold clause, 1937]
  • Gold Cases--Decision of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Uebersee Finanz Korporation v. Rosen et al.
  • Gold and Gold Clause Cases, Digest of
  • Gold and Gold Clause Cases, Status of [1936-40]
  • Gold Clause--Decision of Supreme Court
  • "The Gold Decisions" by John Dickinson--University of Pennsylvania Law Review, April, 1935
  • Gold Reserve Act of 1934--Provisional Regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, 1936
  • Gold Suits--Argonaut Mining Company [correspondence relating to case, 1933-36]
Box 13
  • Gold Suits--Argonaut Mining Company, Court of Claims, No. 42,670
  • Gold Suits--Argonaut Mining Company, Court of Claims, No. 43,193
  • Gold Suits--Argonaut Mining Company, Testimony for Plaintiff and Defendant
  • Gold Suits--Newspaper Clippings [1936-38]
  • Goldman, Frank, President of B'nai B'rith--The President's Message, March 18, 1950
  • Hammond, Paul Y.-- "JCS 1067: Policy for Germany," Draft Manuscript and Related Correspondence, 1955-56
Box 14
  • Harry S. Truman Library and Harry S. Truman Library Institute
  • Hungary, Treaty of Peace with
  • Hyde Case--[legal matter, 1953]
  • In Fact: An Antidote for Falsehood in the Daily Press, August 11, 1947
  • Institute of Documentation in Israel For the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes--Correspondence, 1984
  • Inter-American Conference on Systems of Economic and Financial Control, June 30-July 10, 1942
  • Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees--Correspondence with Joel Fisher, 1946-47
  • International Military Trials, Nuernberg--Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, 1947
  • "The Jewish Case at the 1946 Peace Conference"--Draft Manuscript by J. L. Flaiszer, Etc.
  • Jewish Digest-- "Why No Catholic Einsteins and Salks?", March, 1964
  • Jewish Organizations--Comments and Proposals Respecting the Treaty with Austria, Etc., 1946-47
  • Jewish Organizations--Comments and Proposals Respecting the Treaty with Germany, 1947
  • Jewish Organizations--Statements Submitted to the Paris Conference, 1946
  • Johnson, Lyndon B.--Clipping from New York Times, November 23, 1963
  • Kilgore, Senator Harley--Correspondence with President Harry S. Truman and Others Concerning German Assets, 1945
  • KZ--[photographic record from five concentration camps]
  • Letterhead--Taylor, Blanc, Capron, and Marsh
  • Letters--Miscellaneous [correspondence and printed materials concerning Bernstein's activities, loyalty investigations, etc., 1938-55]
  • Life--Clipping Concerning Special Wartime Currency, October 9, 1944
  • Map of Germany, National Geographic--[showing occupation zones]
  • Marshall, Thurgood--Newspaper Clipping Concerning the Opening of His Papers, 1993
Box 15
  • McCloy, John J.--Address Before the American Labor Press Association, March 5, 1944
  • McCloy, John J.--Correspondence with Bernstein, 1952
  • Military Government, Division A--Finance Section [lists of personnel, etc., 1943-45]
  • Military Government, Germany--Financial and Property Control Technical Manual, 1944
  • Military Government, Germany--Handbook for Military Government in Germany Prior to Defeat or Surrender, December, 1944
  • Military Government Weekly Information Bulletin--July 25-September 15, 1945
  • Military Government Weekly Information Bulletin--October 27-December 15, 1945
  • Military Government Journal and Newsletter--April, 1970
  • Military Tribunals--Indictment in I.G. Farben Case, Etc., 1947-48
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Articles by
Box 16
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Biographical Sketch
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Correspondence and Memoranda
      [1 of 2; regarding articles written by Morgenthau, 1949],
      [2 of 2; regarding foreign commerce, etc., 1944-54]
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Irish Question [financial issues]
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Miscellaneous [correspondence regarding financial program for Israel, etc., 1950-52]
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Seating List for Testimonial Dinner Sponsored by the Supreme Lodge of B'nai B'rith, November 7, 1945
  • Morgenthau, Henry, Jr.--Speeches and Related Correspondence
  • Morgenthau, Robert--"Mr. D.A." by Michael Dorman, New York, May 16, 1983 [profile of Manhattan District Attorney, the son of Henry Morgenthau, Jr.]
  • The Nation--January 5, 1957 [containing "The Letter That Nobody Wrote" by Byron N. Scott, concerning the William Henry Taylor loyalty case]
  • National Archives--Federal Register [publications, 1936, 1954]
  • National Conference of the Professions, the Sciences, the Arts, the White Collar Fields--January 11-12, 1946
  • National Geographic--July, 1945 [containing "War's Wake in the Rhineland" by Thomas R. Henry]
  • New Deal Dinner--March 4, 1977
  • New York City--"Life on a Fairy Book Street," Avenue, February, 1983
  • New York Times--Letter to the Editor from Alfred H. Hetkin, Criticizing U.S. Policy Toward Germany, November 21, 1945
  • Newspaper Clippings [and other materials, mostly relating to World War II]
      [1 of 7]
      [2 of 7]
      [3 of 7]
Box 17
      [4 of 7]
      [5 of 7]
      [6 of 7]
      [7 of 7]
  • News Releases and Clippings on Farben Hearings--October-December, 1945
Box 18
  • Norway Civil Affairs Handbook--July 22, 1944
  • Notes, Misc.[concerning Germany and other matters]
  • "Nuremberg: Proceedings Subsequent to Goering et al"--By William Allen Zeck, North Carolina Law Review, June, 1948
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Finance Section Forms, Instructions, Etc.
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--General Order No. 1, Blocking and Control of Property
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Military Government Legislation
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Military Government Regulations, Title 16, Finance
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Military Tribunals, Case No. 5, U.S.A. v. Flick et al. [indictment, 1947]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of Military Governor, No. 1: Finance, August 20, 1945
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of Military Governor, No. 3, October 20, 1945 [communications, trade, public health, finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of Military Governor, No. 4, November 20, 1945 [reparations, finance, cartels and external assets, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of Military Governor, No. 5, December 20, 1945 [reparations, cartels and external assets, finance]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 6, January 20, 1946
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 9, April 20, 1946 [reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 10: Finance and Property Control, May 20, 1946
Box 19
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No.11, June 20, 1946 [reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 12, July 20, 1946 [finance, reparations]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 13, August 20, 1946 [reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 14, September 20, 1946 [finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 15: Reparations and Restitutions, August 1-September 30, 1946
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 16, October 1-31, 1946 [finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 17, November 1-30, 1946 [reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 18, December 1-31, 1946 [finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 19, January 1-31, 1947 [reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 20, February 1-28, 1947 [finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 21: Reparations and Restitution, April 1, 1946-March 31, 1947
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 22, April 1-30, 1947
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 23, May 1-31, 1947 [statistics, reparations, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 24, June 1-30, 1947 [finance, industry, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Monthly Report of the Military Governor, No. 26, August 1-31, 1947 [finance, etc.]
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Personnel List, September 10, 1945
Box 20
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Report on the Investigation of I. G. Farbenindustrie A. G., November, 1945
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Special Report of the Military Governor: Dresdner and Deutsche Banks, June, 1947
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Supreme Commander's Area of Control, Law No. 52, Blocking and Control of Property
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Supreme Commander's Area of Control, Law No. 53, Foreign Exchange Control
  • Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)--Telephone Directories [and memorandum from the French government on the future economic management of the Ruhr area, February, 1947]
  • Oliphant, Herman--Address by General Counsel of the Treasury Department, January 6, 1938
  • Oliphant, Herman, Death of--[newspaper clippings, 1939]
  • Personal--Clippings, Correspondence, Etc. Regarding Dondero Attack [concerning loyalty charges leveled against Bernstein by Rep. George Dondero of Michigan, 1947]
  • Personal--Extra Copies of Letters, Photostats, Etc. Regarding Dondero Attack
  • Photographs [and related correspondence]
  • [Photographs of Nazi Loot Found at Merker's Mine]
  • PM--"The Proof Against German Big Business," November 29, 1945
  • Printed Materials
  • Reader's Digest--February, 1943, featuring "How the North African Campaign Was Organized" by Don Wharton
  • Reagan, Ronald Wilson--Souvenir Envelope from Inauguration, January 20, 1985
  • Reed, Stanley F.--Letter Congratulating Him on His Appointment as Solicitor General, March 21, 1935
  • Report to the Nation: The American Preparation for War--Office of Facts and Figures, 1942
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.--Clipping from Time Article, February 1, 1982
  • Roumania, Treaty of Peace with, 1947
  • Sicilia Liberata--Italian Language Newspaper, September 5-10, 1943
  • Society for the Prevention of World War III, Inc.--Correspondence, 1945, 1949
Box 21
  • Speech at Harvard Law School--October 9, 1947 [correspondence, etc., regarding address at forum on the economic reconstruction of Germany]
  • Speech at Roanoke--Correspondence and Memoranda [regarding speech at B'nai B'rith convention, May 28, 1950]
  • Speech at Town Hall Meeting [on "America's Town Meeting" radio program, entitled "How Can We Make a Lasting Peace with Germany," November 7, 1946]
  • Speech of July 4, 1948 and Correspondence Relating Thereto--["Industrial Europe and Industrial America," on "My America" radio program]
  • Speeches--American Jewish Conference [correspondence, etc., relating to radio speech of February 17, 1946, "Are We Losing the Peace?"]
  • Speeches at Ottawa and Montreal--Correspondence and Memoranda [1944-50]
  • Speeches by Colonel Bernstein Regarding Germany, 1946-47
  • Speeches--Correspondence Regarding Speaking Engagements and Publications [1946-48]
  • State Department--Directive Regarding the Military Government of Germany, July 11, 1947
  • State Department--Peace and War: United States Foreign Policy, 1931-1941, 1942
  • State Department--Paraphrase of Telegrams and Memorandum for the Files [concerning wartime atrocities against European Jews, 1943]
  • State Department--Selected Documents No. 5: Human Rights and News Release: Humane Purposes in Foreign Policy, 1977
  • A Statement of Conscience--Monsignor John M. Oesterreicher and Rev. John H. Flannery, November 17, 1967 [regarding Arab-Israeli conflict]
  • Supreme Court of the United States--Cases Involving the Department of the Treasury, c. 1936-38
Box 22
  • Supreme Court of the United States--Holyoke Water Power Company v. American Writing Paper Company, c. 1934-38
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • Supreme Court of the United States--October Term, 1936: Homer S. Cummings et al. v. Deutsche Bank Disconto-Gesellschaft
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • Supreme Court of the United States--October Term, 1937: James D. Smyth v. United States, Etc.
  • Supreme Court of the United States--October Term, 1938: John M. Perry v. United States, Etc.
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force--Civil Affairs and You, May, 1944
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force--Greetings From SHAEF G-5 to the Motion Picture Executives of the United States of America, July 5, 1945
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force--Standard Policy and Procedure for Combined Civil Affairs Operations in North West Europe, May 1, 1944
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force--Telephone Directory, Country Units, June 1, 1944
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditonary Force--Telephone Directory, March 14, 1945
  • Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force--Telephone Directories, 1944-45
Box 23
  • Tau Delta Phi Fraternity--[certificate of achievement, photographs]
  • Tau Delta Phi Fraternity--The Pyramid of Tau Delta Phi, Directory Issue, Winter, 1950
  • Treasury, Department of the--Correspondence Regarding Gold, Etc.
  • Treasury, Department of the--Documents Pertaining to Foreign Funds Control, 1943, 1944
  • Treasury, Department of the--Letter from Senator Robert F. Wagner to Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Regarding Gold and Monetary Policy, March 14, 1939, With Morgenthau's Reply, March 22,1939 [press release]
  • Treasury, Department of the--List of Names
  • Treasury, Department of the--Reports, 1934-43 [on silver and gold]
  • Treasury, Department of the--Reports on Money, 1927-28
  • Treasury, Department of the--Sabotage Claims [correspondence, etc., concerning Z. & F. Assets Realization Corporation v. Hull et al., c. 1939-40]
  • Treasury, Department of the--Summary Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, July 21, 1945
  • Treasury, Department of the--White, Harry Dexter, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury [preliminary draft, "Proposal for United Nations Stabilization Fund and a Bank for Reconstruction and Development of the United and Associated Nations," April, 1942]
  • Treaties of Peace with Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Roumania, and Finland, Etc.
  • Truman, Harry S.--Menu and Seating List for New York Diamond Jubilee Dinner in his Honor, May 8, 1959
Box 24
  • United Nations Bulletin--"A Fresh Start Toward Peace," by Secretary-General Trygve Lie, June, 1950
  • United Nations Commission on Human Rights--Memoranda and Report, 1947-53
  • United Nations Economic and Social Council--Commission on Human Rights, Fifth Session, Summary Record of the Eighty-Eighth Meeting, May 17, 1949
  • United Nations--First Anniversary Celebration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, December 10, 1949
  • United Nations--Human Rights: A Compilation of International Instruments of the United Nations, 1967 [and newspaper clipping, 1977]
  • United Nations--"Human Rights: What Can Be Done About Them," Brochure Containing Text of Interview of Frank Goldman, President of B'nai B'rith, by Clark M. Eichelberger, broadcast April 16, 1950
  • United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference: Final Act and Related Documents, Etc., 1944--[Bretton Woods Conference]
  • United Nations--Press Release, Memorandum of Conference with Secretary Dulles and Ambassador Lodge, Etc., [1951-53]
  • United Nations--Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly on December 10, 1948
  • United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit--Brief for Defendants in Hartwell Cabell v. James E. Markham and W. Alexander Julian, 1945
  • United States Court of Claims--Petition for Bernard Bernstein [for admission to practice before the Court, etc., 1950]
  • United States Group, Control Council--Finance Division, Division of Investigation of Cartels and External Assets, Civil Affairs Section [personnel lists and correspondence, 1943-45]
  • United States Group, Control Council--List of Personnel Assigned to the
  • United States Group, Control Council--Military Government Division "A" [organizational chart for Finance Section]
  • United States Group, Control Council--Telephone Directories, 1945
  • United States Group, Control Council (Germany)--Program for Military Government Conference, Frankfurt am Main, August 27-29, 1945
  • United States Group, Control Council (Germany)--Plan of Organization, August 28, 1945
  • U.S. Navy War Photographs [cross reference sheet for item that was removed to the Oversize File]
  • Verbatim Record of Proceedings of Senate War Mobilization Committee, December 11, 1945
  • Verbatim Record of Proceedings of Senate War Mobilization Committee, December 12, 1945
  • Verdun--The Battlefield of Verdun: Seen from the Ossuary of Douaumont
Box 25
  • War Crimes--Indictment in United States v. Weizsaecker et al., November 15, 1947
  • War Department--Basic Field Manual: Rules of Land Warfare, 1940
  • War Department--Field Service Regulations: Operations, Administration; Staff Officers' Field Manual: The Staff and Combat Orders, 1940-41
  • War Department--Report on House Resolution 150, April 28, 1945
  • War Department--Staff Officers' Field Manual: The Staff and Combat Orders
  • War Law Chronology, 1931-1944
  • [Whaley-Eaton Service Newsletter, May 10, 1947]
  • White House--Invitation to Reception, February 4, 1937
  • World War II and the Holocaust, Etc.--Newspaper Clippings
      [1 of 3]
      [2 of 3]
      [3 of 3]
  • Yalta Conference--New York Times Clipping, February 8, 1970
  • Yalta Declaration, Etc.--Speech Draft, "How Can We Make a Lasting Peace with Germany," November 7, 1946, Regarding Internationalization of the Ruhr
[ Top of the page | Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List ]