HARRY S. TRUMAN PAPERS
PRESIDENT'S SECRETARY'S FILES -- 24 pages. Includes a list of the members of the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, known as the Fahy Committee (appointed September 18, 1948); drafts of suggested remarks by the President to the members of the committee; progress reports from the committee to the President; and related documents.
WHITE HOUSE CENTRAL FILES -- Approximately 1000 pages. Includes correspondence, reports, and other material relating to the problem of segregation in the armed forces and efforts by the different services to desegregate units in compliance with Executive Order 9981; the resignation of Secretary of the Army Kenneth Royall; the organization and functions of the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services (the Fahy Committee); and the views of citizens and organizations such as the National Urban League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People regarding the integration of the armed forces.
PHILLEO NASH FILES -- Approximately 1000 pages. Includes correspondence relating to the Fahy Committee; speeches by President Truman on civil rights at Howard University and elsewhere; and material documenting the impact of this issue on the 1948 presidential campaign.
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OTHER PERSONAL PAPERS
CLARK CLIFFORD PAPERS--Approximately 200 pages. Includes correspondence concerning segregation in the National Guard; printed material; drafts of Executive Order 9981; and correspondence relating to the Fahy Committee.
GEORGE M. ELSEY PAPERS--Approximately 20 pages. Includes correspondence and speeches on civil rights and desegregation delivered by President Truman.
NASH PAPERS--Approximately 2000 pages. Includes correspondence, newspaper
clippings, reports, and other documents relating to the Gillem Board report
on African-Americans in the Army, which was issued in 1945; segregation
in Army schools and at Army bases; the integration of these facilities;
Communist Cold War propaganda suggesting that African-Americans would
not fight for the United States; and the combat performance of African-American
units as evidence to the contrary.