(This marks first appearance of J. A. Krug as Secretary of the Interior.)
The lobby situation in the District of Columbia is now the worst in the
history of this city. He raised the question as to what steps might be
taken to curb lobbying activities in connection with the federal
POSTMASTER GENERAL HANNEGAN
Suggested the Treasury Department might scrutinize the expense accounts of
business people ostentatiously on business but actually for other purposes.
Disagreed with Hannegan. He believed that such a drive would bring people
to say that we were trying to keep people from coming to the Capitol to
find out what is going on here. Stated that this approach to the problem,
in his opinion, is extremely unsatisfactory.
Stated that he believed the Crossroad Operation (Atomic Bomb Tests at
Bikini) should go forward due to the expense and commitments already made
by the Navy. Stated that it might not again be possible to get together
scientists now most familiar with the atomic bomb and who are now prepared
to study tests at Bikini.
The necessity for Congress to continue working is the determining factor.
He was surprised to learn that the Navy had invited 60 members of Congress
to attend these tests. After July 1st he does not care how many
Congressmen go to see these as most of the labor legislation and
appropriation bills will be out of the way at that time.
Raised the question as to why the test is necessary in the first place. He
believes it would be extremely ill advised at this time and the results to
be accomplished by such a test would be negligible.
ADMIRAL W. H. BLANDY
(Expert in charge of Bikini test for the Navy)
We expect to gain from this test with 101 ships the lethal range and
effectiveness of the bomb. It will be invaluable in connection with a
study of future design--the protection of personnel and whether the Navy
will enter into production of atomic bombs, as an offensive weapon. There
are 37,000 men already picked for the test and extensive instruments and
equipment has already been assigned to this operation.
The July 1 suggestion of the President would take care of the legislative
The July date in his opinion would have a bad effect on air force operation
because of the possibility of bad weather.
Scheduled date of May 15th, in his opinion, would be extremely unwise. It
will have a great effect on the peace conference in Paris which is
scheduled for that time. In his opinion this Crossroads Operation has
developed into a big show on the strength of the atomic dictator. (U.S.)
Raised the question as to whether key men are going back to other work and
will not be available for such tests at a later date.
Scientists have strong views on both sides in connection with the value of
the test and the procedures to be followed.
The surface tests will be undertaken first. The underwater tests, which
will be more difficult and probably more dangerous, will follow later, but
in his opinion only the tests themselves will prove any of these
(Acting for Sec. War Patterson)
The Army Air Force is most anxious to have the tests go forward.
Stated that Cabinet must make decision here and now.
He would prefer that the tests were not held at all, but certainly the later the better.
Stated that in his opinion the opinion of the Department of State is just as valuable as that of the Army and Navy.
Senator McMahon, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Committee of the Senate, has threatened to forbid any further appropriations for the Navy under the
assumption that the present Navy is obsolete.
(For Sec. of War)
Fears that if the tests are cancelled the Soviets will get the impression that we are becoming secretive.
Russia wants the test to go ahead and they want to be present at the
location of the tests.
This test will cost 100 million dollars and if the tests are cancelled this
amount of money will be wasted.
Stated that in his opinion we could not go along with the idea that scientists would not be available in January of 1947 as well as May of
First test will be held on July 1 and at that time a decision will be made with reference to additional tests.
This was agreed to by the Cabinet.
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